Burano is the gem of Italy. It is a small island located in the Venetian Lagoon, north of Italy and is very much similar to Venice. Accurately, it is an archipelago of 4 islands which are connected with each other by bridges. Inhabitants of Burano are less than three thousand and speak Italian. Actually, there were five islands in the beginning and a canal which was later filled and came to be known as ‘via e piazza Baldassare Galuppi. It joined the two former island named San Martino Sinistra and San Martino Destra. At the northern end if Venetian Lagoon, near the Torcello, the islands of Burano are much popular in the world for the uniquely bright and colored houses. In history, the island is said to be settled by the ancient Romans, later occupied by Altino in the 6th century. The island got its recognition in the 16th century which the time period when the local women of the island started making laces using needles.
If you prefer travelling by air, you can reach here at the Marco Polo international airport. This airport is connected to Venice as well as Murano by public transport like water taxis. If you like trains, the nearest railway station is in Cannaregio, Piazzale Rome named as the Venezia S. Lucia Railway Station. From the station, you can take buses or another public transport services. From the railway station, you will reach to Fondamente Nove or to Murano in less than half an hour. From there, reaching to Burano will take 45 minutes at least. If you are travelling by a car, simply reach Torcello, Murano, Burano or Fondamente Nove. Basically, once you reach Venice, you will get a LN line vaporetti to Fondamente Nouve which is the northern section of the town. From Jesolo and all other beaches on the Adriatic northern coast you can jump in the LN line vaporetti coming from Tre Porti or Putna Sabbioni. Taking a left from the park will take you directly in the village, once you get off.
The most famous and attractive part about Burano are the small, colorfully painted houses. The specific system of the colors of the houses is the one originated during the golden age of the development period of Burano. There was a policy that said if a person would want to paint his house, he/she would request the government. The government would then respond with a list of the colors that can be used to paint that particular house. The original houses of Burano were made of wood, later plastered by mud and then replaced with homes built with bricks. The government only allowed bright colors for the houses which make the city look lively. A story says that the reason why they painted the houses was to distinguish them in the early morning fog.
Museums and Laces of Burano:
Museum del Merletto is the most famous attraction of Burano which is located near the Palace of Podesta or Torcello, which is another attraction and was formerly used as the seat of Burano Lace School. Here, you can see a lot of historic and artistic laces of Venetian origin. The setting and display of the laces is done in a picturesque manner in the bright colors of the island. The exhibition is also supported by certain videos and some vintage precious items. This museum is also known as Merletti d’ Arte dalla Lidia. The Martina Lace, now changed to Martina Vidal, is a very unique and world renowned lace atelier and showcases the amazing hand-work and production of laces. Many artists and painters gather here and the lace making tradition is inherited from mothers to their daughters.
Since the foundation of the islands of Burano, fishing has been the most common activity there. The marsh land of Burano was never good for farming and thus, fishing was the main activity of the early population. Initially, people used nets and harpoons for fishing. They also used ‘Chebe’ which is similar to a cage inside water kept to trap fishes and crabs naturally. Back in history, they also used fishes as currency and trade for wheat, wine, wood, etc. for many centuries. Thus, fishes have been the major source of income of the fishermen of Burano. These practices of fishing are still continuing on the island. Today, you can find about 450 to 5 fishermen who are now a cooperative. The seafood of Burano is very fresh and delicious, regularly sold at Rialto Market. Every restaurant on this island would offer fresh seafood because of this tradition. The variety of fishes includes bisatto, Auguea, orado, sardon, bransin, shellfishes like canocia, gransio, and many more.
For the shopaholics, Burano has a number of lace shops, Murano Glass shops, Venetian Mask shops, art and antique shops, typical Venetian food shops, etc. There is an Oblique Bell Tower which is a part of the cultural buildings of Burano. You should also visit the Church of Sam Martino which is known by the name – ‘San Martino Vescovo’s Church’. Paintings by artists like Giambattista Tiepolo are also very famous all over the world. Other places to visit are the Museum and School of Lacemaking and Oratorio di Santa Barbara.