Saint Helena Island situated in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean and is one of the world’s most isolated islands. Saint Helena named after Saint Helena of Constantinople, an island of volcanic origin in the South Atlantic Ocean. Saint Helena island, one of the most inaccessible and forbidding- looking place on the earth, lying 1,200 miles west of the southwestern coast of Africa. Its maximum length is 10.5 miles and breadth is of 6.5 miles. The perpendicular cliffs rise 1, 600 to 2,300 feet on the eastern, northern and western sides of the island.
This island was discovered by the Portuguese in 1502 as an uninhabited with an abundance of trees and fresh water. This island was most importantly known because British used this island as a place of exile for napoleon and more than 5000 Boer prisoners. Located in the south Atlantic ocean, more than 2000 km away saint Helena is one of the remotest place of the world. The nearest port of the island is Nambia and the nearest international airport is the quarto de fevererio airport, service of this will start from 2015 till the time it is only accessible by boat. This island also associated with two more islands in the southern Atlantic one is ascension island about 1,300 km away and second is Tristan da cunha, 2430 km to the south.
Saint Helena island’s natural beauty and historic heritage are in turn stunning and dramatic, offering all visitors an extraordinary lifetime experience with its outstanding beautiful scenery. Saint Helena surrounded by thousands of miles of water, has a total 47 sq meter area covered with forest. High land area contains most of the island’s endemic flora, fauna, insects and birds. The coastal area is barren covered in volcanic rock and drier than the center of island. Much of the island has been identified by bird life international as being important for bird conservation.
A semicircular rim of mountain north of sandy bay includes the island’s two highest points provides the glimpse of green area of the island with clear blue water, first is the Diana peak which rises 823 meters above sea level with almost 5000 gum wood plants and mount Actaeon , 800 meters, which provides visitors beautiful glimpse of mountains surrounded with blue water as many water cut gorge dispersed. Saint Helena island is Queensland’s most historic island. This has a beautiful national park located from the mouth of the Brisbane river and for more than 60 years was home of rich and fascinating past. Visitors can also see the Jamestown city located on the northwest side of the island.
The museum of saint Helena, consisting a variety of exhibits on the island’s history is a great place to start your visit. The cenotaph on the wharf in Jamestown includes the names of all saints who died in the II world war. Jacob’s ladder is somewhat misnamed staircases with 699 steps that rises from Jamestown to half tree hollow high above. The castle built in 1659, serves as seat of governor and the castle garden full of variety of plants and trees. The heart shaped waterfall named so because fall on rock which in heart shaped. the saint James church built in 1774, oldest Anglican church in the southern hemisphere. The Boer cemetary located on the deep side of a valley in the countryside provides information about the prisoners from the Boer war in south Africa who were detained on saint Helena.
Visitors can also see the long-wood house, in which napoleon spent the great time. Saint paul’s cathedral the seat of Anglican bishop of saint Helena. . Napoleon’s tomb regarded as his burial place. Than the High knoll fort, built in 1894, it provides a beautiful views of the ocean and saint island. than the Jacob’s ladder, this stairway and inclined plane was built in 1829 to haul and transport goods up and down a mountain. There are several rocks and islets off the coast like castle rock, lower black rock, bird island, peaked island, George island and sandy bay island. The flora and fauna of the island are marvelous. Visitors can also see the rarest found birds of the world and the largest giant earwig and the saint Helena wire-bird, a plover like bird with long beak and legs. visitors can get accommodation in hotels situated at the door of natural beauty and surrounded with white sandy beach with crystal blue water like consulate hotel, situated in the heart of the town, fronted by trellised verandas.
saint Helena island regarded as land of contrasts and contradictions as the black rocks of sandy beach in the south clashing with the green meadows of nearby mount pleasant. The spectacular and beautiful landscape with clear crystal water on Helena island is the most important tourist destination. St Helena has a wide variety of fascinating locations which gives you a beautiful view of mountains covered with plants. Jamestown, the island’s capital, can keep you occupied for much of the day. this town from the hill side provide a beautiful view of sunset and sunrise. Venture further afield and you will discover the many reasons why Saint Helena was such an important location for so many years. Indeed, you can track the whole history of the British Empire on this single island.This little and extraordinary island provides visitors unforgettable memories. so must visit to this isolated island of the world to explore its natural beauty.