Delhi is the capital of India and houses the legislative, executive and judiciary bodies of Indian Government. But Delhi is not just the home for the Government but a lot of things. The Chandani Chowk, the main street of Delhi is most crowded, busiest street on Delhi which will show you that the city is alive. The Connaught Place, a British Shopping mall, is the heart of city and will show you the sophistication in the crowd. There are many other such places to tell you how advanced it is and at the same time how much history this place has.
Lal Qila (Red Fort):
Lal Qila, also known as the Red Fort, is the most important monument of Delhi. It is a brilliant and marvelous work of red sand stones used to make a fort for Shah Jahan, the Mughal Emperor. The emperor Shah Jahan is one of the most famous rulers of India who is remarkably known for building the Taj Mahal. The Red Fort was completely constructed in 1648 and nothing was ever added to this monument after that. Inside the red fort, there are many sections and buildings: Chatta Chowk which is a covered market between the fort and its gate; Diwa-i-Am or the Hall for Public Audience has a marble floor and an emperor throne; Hayat Baksh Bagh which was a garden with fountains but is now dry; Rang Mahal or Color Palace was residence of Sultan’s main wife; Mumtaz Mahal or Jewel Palace which is a collection of six apartments used for Sultan’s harem and now a museum of court; Khas Mahal or Private Palace was residence of the King having a octagonal tower, Mussaman Burj used by the king to appear before the public every morning.
It is a historically important monument which is also a World Heritage Site as declared by UNSECO. Humayun’s Tomb is a large Tomb with well-maintained gardens located in the Char Bagh that will you take you to the times where Mughals rules over India. The tomb was built in 1562 and is the first Mughal structure so major and so magnificent. Humayun was the second emperor of the Mughal Empire. This structure of this tomb is very much similar to that of the Taj Mahal of Agra with the difference of the color of stones used and the intention of building a monument; Taj Mahal is made up of white marbles while Humayun’s Tomb is made up of red sandstone and Taj Mahal was built to grieve for the wife’s death unlike the Tomb which was built to grieve for the emperor’s death. On the second floor of the monument, you can find the actual crypt where the king was buried.
As high as the sky:
Qutub Minar is one of the most loved attractions of the capital city of India. It was built during the rule of Slave Dynasty from 1206 to 1290 and is one the World Heritage Sites under UNSECO. The entire complex is full of surprises and beautifully designed architectures. At nights, there are light and sound shows conducted in the complex which is a must see. The Minar or Tower is 72.5 meter tall and was the tallest building in the world during its time. This giant structure is delicate and carved perfectly and is well preserved to our surprises. Look at this piece of architecture makes you inspired and hopeful. The complex also has a mosque called Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque and is the first mosque of Delhi and is also the biggest in the city. At the centre of the Mosque, there is an iron pillar which is 7 meters tall and was erected by Chandragupta II Vikramaditya. Then there are: Ala-i-Minar (which was supposed to be a replica of Qutub Minar but was left incomplete), Ala-i-Darwaza (gate to enter the mosque and behind the minar), and a Tomb of Imam Zamin in the complex.
Delhi was ruled by kings from distinct religions and each of them left a mark of their religion. Jama Masjid, built in 1650, is the largest mosque in the country and has space for more than 25 thousand devotees. The rooftops of the mosque will present a view of Delhi in the most amazing and stunning manner. There is a very unique structure that represents the shae of the national flower of India, Lotus. The temple is called Bahai Lotus Temple which is lotus-shaped monument with 27 petals and milky-blue ponds all around it. Swaminarayan Akshardham Temple is another bery large monument for Hindus made from red sandstone and without any steel. There are many other temples, mosques, gurudwaras, churches, etc. in Delhi which are very peaceful and beautiful at the same time.
The Official Monuments of Capital:
India Gate is the first thing that anyone must see in Delhi. Which is a gate designed as a memorial for all the Indian Soldiers who proudly fought for their country in World War I and to respect that fact, there is an eternal flame burning always. Rashtrapati Bhawan is the presidential palace which is celebrated as greatly in India as the White House in America. The Rashtrapati Bhawan is connected to the India Gate through a route with grassy lawns on either side known as the Raj Path. Raj Path is used for the Parades during days of National importance. Apart from these, we have Raj Ghat where the Beloved Father of Nation – Mahatma Gandhi was cremated; Jantar Mantar which is science observatory; Old Fort or Puaran Qila which is an epic place in the legendary Mahabharat of Hindus.
Delhi is the heart of the country India and is the love of all Indian. It will leave a life long impression in you heart and mind as well.