World’s Leading Biodiversity – Kakadu National Park, Australia

World’s Leading Biodiversity – Kakadu National Park, Australia


Here comes the Australia’s biggest National Park Kakadu, the name of the National Park is came from the unusual floodplain language known as Gagudju which was one of that language vocal at the beginning of the twentieth century in the north part of the park. Nowadays it is not spoken but people who understand Gagudju still live in Kakadu. Around 110,000 square kilometres is covered in the eastern corner of the territory by Arnhem Land and Kakadu National Park. It is the largest National Park of Australia. The location contains sites of some of the highest concentrated areas of rock art in the world; the example of these can be Ubirr and Noulangie Rock.


A variety of stories and secrets are connected with the Kakadu National Park. Unimaginable sites and stories are spoken by the locals of the place. Everyone take their own part of time and discover the secrets to visit the place. It is not possible for a person to go through the beauty of the whole of the Kakadu National Park in one fleeting visit. It will take around a week to go through all the area and enjoy the scenic beauty of the park.


Kakadu National Park is rich in the complete biodiversity. A perfect combination of flaura and fauna is found at the place. Besides these, the Ahmen Land is known for its beautiful tradition, rich culture, savannah woodlands, profolic wildlife, lush wetlands, and wild coastline. A place near Darwin known as Mary River region is the shelter of millions of birds, fishes and saltwater crocodiles, which makes it a hot spot for fishing including the mighty barramumdi.


Kakadu National Park was established in the year 1981. It will get authorised by the aurtralian government and Aboriginal traditional land owners: the Kunwinjku, Krakeourtinnie and the Jawoyn people. The Kakadu National Park is accepted as the world heritage recently.

The park is stretched around 1,980,400 hectares of the terrain and wetlands. It is around the size of Israel so as one of the biggest National Park of the world. It is the home to 120 reptiles, 26 frogs, 68 mammals (which is one-fifth of Australia’s mammals), around 300 species of tidal and fresh water, over 2000 plants and 10,000 insect species. The National Park is home to more than 290 species of birds (which is one third of Australia’s birds). One of the major staging points of the migratory birds is the Kakadu’s globally precious wetlands. Various birds and mammals of the National Park are being extinct and endangered.


Kakadu is rich cultural heritage. The conventional owner named Bininj Mungguy have lived and bothered about the place for over 50,000 years. Their high and spiritual concern about the land leads back to the formation and that will always remain the important part of the history of Kakadu.

Listing of World Heritage

The ancient cultural heritage and the unexpected natural beauty of the land were renowned internationally as the world heritage in the year 1981. Afterwards it was added to the final listing in the year 1987 and 1992. In the year 2011, another structure named the Koongarra land had been formerly been barred from the listing because of the possessions of potential uranium which was added to the area of Kakadu World Heritage which was under the custody of Koongarra’s senior referee Jeffrey Lee. Today the land is the part of the Kakadu National Park, shielding the heritage and cultural values for the future generations.

Flora and Fauna

It is a great pleasure to sightseeing the view of the wetlands of the park. It comprises of the freshwater, estaurine lazy crocodiles sleeping on the banks of the river, swimming and floating billabongs all around the place in the day time. Diversity of birds arises from Jacana (the Jesus Bird) to Jabiru, it is an enjoyable view to see as it steps from lily to lily. During dusk hundreds of herons and Ngurrungurrudjba (Yellow Water Billabons) loop over the clouds and take off from the inundated trees. The billabongs of the National Park are the same as the stagnant pool of water. Wallabies can be seen very commonly; who act as the ‘roadkill’. Various water buffaloes, feral horses, frilled lizards and pigs can be seen roaming around the area. Kakadu National Park comprises of various types of falls: some of these are Bowali Visitor Center which is located near Jabiru; the Warradjan Aboriginal Culture Centre which is situated in Cooinda; the Nourlangie Rock which is the walls of the Nourlangie site of Rock Art and Ubirr which is one of the well known aboriginal gallaries of rock art of Kakadu National Park.

The unique ethnological and archaeological reserve, which is situated in the Northern Territory, has been settled constantly for more than 40,000 years. The archaeological sites, rock carvings and the cave paintings records the way of life and the skills of the regional inhabitants, from the aboriginal people to the hunter gatherers of the ancient times. A complete wrap up of floodplains, ecosystems, lowlands, including tidal flats and plateaus is provided for a broad range of plants and animals.

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