Nanga Parbat, the westernmost Himalayas are ninth highest in the world and second highest in Pakistan. Well, the naked mountains are enveloped by the Indus River which ends in the plains. This was the geographical definition of the place. The scarier one says that is the most killer mountain of the world and is named as “Killer Mountain” or “Mountain of the Devil” as it contributes to the longest list of the human deaths and tragedies.
The name of this mountain “Nanga Parvat” is derived from the Sanskrit word “nagna” which means bare or naked and “parvat” means mountain ranges in Hindi. The local people use the word “Diamir” which is again extracted from the three faces of the mountain Diamir, Rakhikot and Rupal. Also, to mount on this is not an easy task, it has the long deadlist which clearly specifies that why it has been awarded the name such as the “killer Mountain” by the Germans or the “Mountain of the Devils” by the shepas (the local community).
The records of the killer mountain were made when it took 16 human lives at once where 7 were climbers and 9 were the high porters. This activity made the Pakistani Government realise the fear of losing their climbers and they imported the law of restricting the area of that region that attracts the mountaineers and it almost outlawed half of the foreign climbers.
Blueprint of the Mountain
The mountain is divided into three faces, as mentioned above, with this whole crumple located in only southwest and northeast regions, where this Southwest portion is known as Mazeno Wall, and is further divided into many auxiliary peaks. The northwest part of the mountain is more cumbersome, which is enveloped by Indus and is further divided into Rakhikot and Diamir. The third face of the mountain known as Rupal is located on the southeast part of the mountain and this face also includes a mesmerising freezing chilling Lake Latbo, named on the seasonal shepherds of the place.
Nanga Parbat is the most immense and dramatic peak and hence is notoriously knotty to climb. This became even more complicated with the seasonal effects. Like K2 mountain peak, this peak has ever been climbed in winter and hence it is well said that Nanga Parbat is still to be discovered in winters. Many mountaineers have tried but have only contributed to the death list. Unexpected and wobbly glaciers have killed many mountaineers but the list was high lightened when a German team attempted and almost seven climbers and fifteen porters of the team were killed during the climb due to numerous storms and hazardous avalanches. The effect of the torrential rains and gnawing winds is such that it has been counted in world’s most dangerous peaks.
It started in 1895 when Albert F. Mummery climbed almost 7,000 m of West face i.e. Diamir of the parbat but was killed in the journey. Later it came under the focal point of the Himalayan Germans since Mount Everest was preoccupied by the Britishers. Germans were initially spotted with Kanchenjunga but they experienced that these are more difficult than Everest which shifted their focus to K2 and they finally discovered that this was the most difficult reducing their consideration that they can even climb its base. And this was the total reason for Germans to be prime interested in Nanga Parbat.
How it was formed?
Everyone has history and the story that how it was made and hence this Parvat has also gone through the same process. This Parbat was formed about 400,000 years ago by the collision of the volcanic plates of Asia and India but the present scenario reported by the Geological Department of Peshawar Universities in collaboration with some US and European universities says that there are no such volcano eruptions and left outs beneath it. But, it consists some sulphur deposits along with some other mineral ores. Due to these reasons, this mountain is still in its growing phase and has listed its name in world’s most growing mountain.
The mountain was first taken into consideration in 1852 when Rudolf Schlagintweit brothers painted the canvas of this killer mountain. They basically portrayed the experience of their climbing as they were German climbers. It is said that the killing or devilish appearance of this Parbat came into existence when one of these brothers were murder and this applies as a curse to this place.
Everything has some bad things related to it and the attacks add this ghastly experience to it. The very famous Taliban attack on June 23, 2013 in which almost 10 foreign climbers were killed by the extremist militant adds the hapless moment in its history. The report says that the attacks happened at 1 AM and was basically initiated by the local Taliban tribes.
In this way many attacks are related to this Parbat but the Government and local expeditions say that the situation is now under control and the region has always been very peaceful and they are trying their best to make it like that.