Palace Of Versailles is a national landmark in the city if Versailles, France. It was formerly the Royal Residence of France and centre of the government of France. During the times of the king Louis XIV (also known by the name “Sun King of the France”), Louis XV and Louis XVI, it used to be the residence of the royalty. But it was ceased in the revolution of 1789. The palace is located approximately 10 miles away from the southwest Paris. It is located beside the settlement of the town of Versailles which was initially a hamlet and now a large urban centre in France.
The entire complex of Versailles included the palace with some gardens, a royal walled-in hunting ground, the Grand Trianon or the Marble Trianon along with an estate of Marie Antoinette which was the Queen of Louis XVI. There are now a lot of other buildings of national importance between this palace and the town of Versailles like the building of war and foreign affairs ministries. The palace was filled with numerous beautiful paintings and sculptures, featuring and decorating the rooms like Hall of Mirrors, gardens decorated with innovative pressurized water fountains to jet water in the air, an opera house with a very creative and innovative mechanism in the stage to rise up and make it look like a dance hall or banqueting hall.
There are about 350 living units in the palace which have different sizes and shapes. There are also multi roomed apartments and the size of the room depended upon the rank in the kingdom and proximity with the King. The bedroom of the King Louis XIV is situated on the upper floor in the center of the east-west axis and is the chief and most imperative room in the entire palace. This room was termed as the nucleus of the palace.
The most celebrated room of the palace is the Hall of Mirrors which is a very unique room in not just this palace but anywhere. This was used as a setting for many activities and ceremonies of the court of France. There is a Chapel of Versailles which is combination of five chapels having French architecture and decoration of the type ecclesiastical.
Le Vau’s plan gave grand apartments to the king and the queen and added seven rooms which were dedicated to the planets and the respective deity in Roman Culture. Only seven planets were known at that time. each of these seven rooms had a purpose of its own like the Salon de venus was used for buffets for the guests of the royalty, Salon de Mars was a ballroom, Salon de Mercure was a gaming room, etc. Parallel to this grand apartment was another grand apartment which was for three queens who were wives of Louis XIV, Louis XV and Louis XVI. This grand apartment was called by the name grand apartment de la reine which included a Chapel, a grand cabinet, an Oratory, an Antichambre, a Petit cabinet, etc. there were seven section each parallel to the seven rooms of the grand appartement du roi. There were many apartments reserved for the king na dhis private use on the first floor of the palace which was modified by each successor and is called Le Petit appartement du roi. Similar units for the queens known as Le petit appartement de la reine are also present in the palace.
Apart from these, there is an opera house named L’Opera which was made as a celebration to the wedding ceremony of the grandson of King Louis XV in the year 1770. There is also a museum of History of France within the palace.
The Gardens of the palace of Versailles are a major part of the land occupied by the royal complex of Versailles. The Gardens of Versailles are located towards the west of the palace occupying more than 800 hectares of area and is a perfect representation of the classic style of French Gardens. These gardens are visited by more than six million people every year. They can see a lot of variety and species of flowers with colors that will please your eyes and amaze your mind. Specially, in the season of spring and autumn, the flowers are at their best. Along with that, to add to the beauty of the gardens, are more than 50 fountains that are jet like. This is a World Heritage Site as announced by UNESCO in 1979.
The subsidiaries of the palace are as important and as mesmerizing as the Palace itself. There are in total five subsidiaries that have a very close history associated with the Palace and its evolution. These famous subsidiaries are named as the Menagerie, the Trianon de Porcelaine, the Petit Trianon, the Pavillon de la Lanterne and the Grand Trianon (also known as the Marble Trianon). Out of these five subsidiaries, two are damaged and destroyed. The Menagerie and the Trianon de Porcelaine no longer exists. But there is no doubt in the fact that all these subsidiaries are the artifacts of the 17th and 18th century and are the masterworks of the great and famous architects of those times.
Visiting the place will take you on a journey of ancient French and the good times then. The Palace of Versailles stands as a pride of the country and is a major part in the history of France.