While Cybersecurity threats are seeing an exponential rise, many victims of these threats are yet to recognize differences between these threats. It is essential for the Internet users to be aware of how each of common types of cyber attacks are unique from each other in order to employ effective strategies for protection or removal (If required).
Malware vs Viruses
A general terms used to define various types of computer attacks is Malware. Viruses however are one of the many types of malware. Almost like human virus, they can enter your computer in various ways. A virus may infect your system through a code that may spread through the system files. Your computer may get infected with a virus simply by clicking a malicious email attachment or by inserting a USB drive that may have a virus-infested file. Moreover, viruses can spread quickly and are hard to remove from the system. Previously, viruses were one of the most serious concerns of users seeking to protect their data and devices. However, with the advent of antivirus programs, hackers have switched to more effective attacks.
Worms Vs Viruses
The numbers of worms infecting computers have been decreased successfully with the help of antivirus programs. Worms are similar to viruses and spread throughout the system on entering the computer. As the worm spreads, it may result in data loss and it causes damage to existing files. However, like viruses, worms too are not as effective and successful for hackers as they were previously. However, people who have refrained from updating their programs or software run a higher risk of their computers getting infected with a worm. After a worm attack, data recovery might be necessary.
Spyware Vs. Adware
Adware and spyware are both products of a comparatively modern era of hackers. Adware is not usually classified as malware as it may not always be problematic. Many software programs or computers come pre-equipped with adware so as to track your preferences and report your activity accordingly. Adware may help in customizing your online experience if not overdone so as to bloat your system. However, hackers have also infiltrated computers through the adware bandwagon to place a number of advertisements resulting in slowing down of your computer.
Spyware, unlike adware is always malicious and runs in the background of your programs. It tracks your personal information and may help hackers in tracing access to your financial holding or in stealing identities. As times, hackers also use spyware to gather data and then sell it in bulk.
The Worst Malware
One of the most malicious type of malware is Ransomware. It may enter your computer in numerous ways including how other malwares enter the computer. Ransomware, once spread in your computer, can damage the system or disable it completely. You may not even know that the computer is infected till you receive a notice demanding fund transfer. However, even if you decide to pay up, it is likely that hackers would still exploit the opportunity of causing damage. Hence, instead of paying cyber criminals, experts recommend you take professional help from data recovery experts.