Surveying can be defined as the process of examining and recording the area and features of a piece of land, or a population, to create a detailed construction of plans there. With relation to geography, surveying can involve taking measurements of features on, above, or below the earth’s surface. This can result in accurately determining terrestrial positions – this is more specifically known as land surveying. Surveying, in general, can include taking measurements of specific features, like building surveys, for example.
Land and site surveys are typically restricted to smaller sections of land, as compared to land surveys, which are used for several purposes, which can include creating land maps for specific tracts of land; resolving disputes over encroachment of land; creating maps for new construction projects, and other such endeavors.
Within land surveys, engineering surveys and topographic surveys are more relevant to land and site surveys, whereas geodetic surveys – which account for the Earth’s curvature within their calculations – are more relevant to land surveys, where larger masses of land are taken into consideration.
The kind of tools and equipment used in surveying pieces of land have remained the same for years, with little progress in the technology that is used to take surveys. Apart from using tape, chains, and compasses, other forms of technology and types of equipment used include electronic distance measurement devices, total robotic stations, tripods for cameras and other recording devices, etc.
One kind of item that is used to help determine distances is iron chains. These chains are then used to help measure the area, to determine the distance of the specific area. To measure angles, surveyors tend to use compasses with specific magnets, or tend to use telescopes, using the night sky to create the required angle. To measure to height of a specific land mass – to see how high up the land mass is, a surveyor will use a barometer, to detect the amount of air pressure available – the lower the air pressure, the higher up one is.
Those who survey the land tend to be engineers, and while surveying the land, use elements of geometry, mathematics, physics, and law in their work. The use of law becomes necessary when dealing with larger areas of land that cross international borders, making it more difficult to be able to conduct work smoothly and without interruption.
Avanti Surveying provides professional land surveying services to the Greater Toronto Area. The company has a full staff of trained and professional surveyors that are experienced in creating detailed surveys about the land that is being studied. One major benefit to this company is that the surveyors are willing to go beyond what is necessary to ensure that the job is done well, ensuring that you will be able to get a detailed survey of your land as quickly and as efficiently as possible. Finally, the company offers their services at affordable rates, making it easy for you to be able to work on multiple projects while still remaining within your budget.