In the Montessori concept, teacher training is of utmost importance. They have to let the child have the freedom to learn and develop naturally in his/her own time and pace. Along with the theories and philosophies of Montessori, the teacher should also be educated in the appropriate use of Montessori materials.
A teacher has to observe the age range of the child and accordingly introduce lessons which are appropriate and challenging for the child’s abilities, interests and development (emotional, physical, social and cognitive). Through decisive activity, the teacher becomes a guide and a facilitator for the child. Learning should be a joyful experience for the child and the teacher can make it so by providing a nurturing environment for which she should have the necessary leadership skills. Teachers are accredited by the Montessori Accreditation Council for Teacher Education (MACTE).
- Multi-Age Classrooms
When children of different age groups study together then the younger ones can learn skills from their older counterparts that they have already learned. The older kids can develop their own leadership skills and serve as role models. Moreover the kids are in a more real-life like environment and can learn social skills and work habits which will be help them very much in the future. Many approved levels of multi-aged learning groups are there. Children from birth to age 3 may be grouped in varying multi-age ranges.3 year age groups makes the early childhood and elementary levels. A 2 or 3 year age range can make up the secondary level group.
- Montessori Materials
Montessori materials are not only educative and informational but also instructive and moralistic. These materials will capture the children’s attention and also their desire to touch. Each of these materials aims to teach the children with a single skill/concept which will also help them correct their mistakes without any assistance from the teacher. The materials will help introduce topics that are complex in a simple manner.
- Child-Directed Work
Montessori education helps students with motivation and attention and developing responsibility in them and others by helping them choose significant and challenging work. Montessori classrooms are designed in such a way that they cater to each and every child’s curiosity and provide them to be in an environment which directed by child. The teachers are just guides and mentors helping children learn on their own.
5. Uninterrupted Work Periods
Children develop concentration coordination, independence and order, and the absorption of information by working in uninterrupted work periods. One of the best features of Montessori classrooms is that they let children learn at their own pace by recognizing and respecting their individual progress. The uninterrupted work period cycle is as follows: an activity is selected, working on that activity as long as the child is interested in it, cleaning up with the activity and returning it to the shelf. Another activity can be chosen by the child then and so on. The teacher’s role is to support and monitor the child’s work and give them individual or small-group lessons.
The Montessori classes have certain work cycle times which have to be followed by the accredited schools. There is no work cycle time at the infant level. The child’s needs are observed and the time is determined accordingly. Toddlers have a 1-1 ½ hour work cycle in the morning. They freely move around choosing and exploring materials. A 2-3 hour cycle 4 days a week is required at the Early Childhood level. The Elementary level requires a minimum of 2-3 hour work cycle 4 days a week as well. The setting- small or large will largely determine the work cycle at the secondary level.
E & O Montessori International is a family owned business operated by a certified Montessori teacher. They have been supplying Montessori Schools and families worldwide with high quality Montessori Materials since 1993. Their showrooms are located in Ontario, Canada. We have Practical Life, Sensorial, Language, Math, Biology, Life Cycles, Geography, History, Cultural Sets, Science, Wooden Science Kits, Toddler, Movement, Furniture, and Books – for Primary, Toddler, and Elementary classrooms – all essential Montessori Materials from the Pink Tower to the Large Bead Cabinet!