Monthly Archives: June 2014

The Most Threatening Species of Africa…

The Most Threatening Species of Africa…



Africa is the 2nd largest and second most populated continent. Africa is one of the most dreamlike continents on the planet with the most remarkable and most enthralling sites that are a treat not only for eyes but for the mind and soul too. A mixture or blend of modern and ancient, Africa is one of the best places to visit in your vacations. It is the true paradise for tourists. Africa has everything in his lap, from historical sites to natural wonders of the world, from the most luxurious beaches to the latest architecture and the most splendid and fascinating animals on the land makes the area a Mecca for the nature lovers. Because Africa straddles the equator with half of its land in North Hemisphere and half of its land in South Hemisphere, So its climate is mostly tropical and uniform.



Africa connects the equator which bestows a rich assortment of wild life and landscape on the worl’s second largest continent. Large predators roam among comprehensive Savannas among huge herds of eating herbivours, while apes, monkeys and snakes inhbitate in dark, dense forest. Africa is the home to many of the worl’s best loved and most enthralling animals as well as to some of its most dangerous species. Wildlife varies across the continent depending on climate and vegetation. Tropical regions have richest diversity of animals, birds, reptiles and insects life.



 Africa is well known for the existence of wild forests and wild creatures living in them. Gigantic species are being found there and still many new unearthing have been seen regarding new species of animals. Below is the list of top ten Most Dangerous Animals of Africa.



African Buffalo is also known as Syncerus caffer, scientifically. It is one of the few animals on the continent that will vigorously shoot and kill humans if they have been wounded. Cape Buffalo are said to have killed hunters more than any other animal. An injured buffalo is incredibly dangerous. When you see Cape buffalo in Africa, they’re usually not alone. They appear in very large groups. The Cape buffalo is found in many parts of Africa, this buffalo has different type of horns that make it look much harsher. Its height is 1.7 meters and weighs 2000lbs.



This violent animal needs no introduction. Africa is renowned for its diversity. Lions live all through sub-Saharan Africa in endangered areas. Lions can be tremendously dangerous for humans if they are tierd and on the same time hungry. It is one of the furious carnivorous animals which has an average weight of 250 Kilograms and has recorded highest speed of running 36 miles per hour. Although the lion don’t usually attack human, they will sometimes do so if they are sick or otherwise incapacitated. It does not let go his prey until the prey dies. A 2005 study showed that lion attacks on man were on the rise in Tanzania and Mozambique.



Hippopotamus in Africa is recognized for its obesity. It weighs from 1800 to 3600 with average height of 1.52 meters. It survives in Africa for a number of years. These docile-looking creatures appear to be untidy, slow and inactive, but do not be mislead by their appearance, as they are one of the most hazardous animals of Africa. The hippo is responsible for more human death toll in Africa than any other large animal because of their enormous incisors which are capable of biting a human in half. Usually humans are attacked if they seem to be a threat to either the Hippos territory or to their young ones. Hippos can run at speeds of over 20 miles an hour and they have massive jaws which cloud up to 20 inch canines.



Elephants are the biggest land animals. They are mammals. They are grey and have no hair. Their skin is thick and rough. They come from Africa and Asia. Elephants are usually huge in size and weighs from 4700 to 6048 kilograms. African elephants are known to be one of the most dangerous animals on Earth. African elephants, specifically older bulls and young males, can be destructive even when they’re not motivated. The African elephant is a threatened species as an elephant’s trunk alone has more than 40,000 muscles and their huge size makes them proficient of devastating and killing any other land animal, including Lions, and humans are also at risk.



African Crocodiles have awfully powerful jaws. These are extremely precarious crocodiles that had killed hundreds of people each year in Africa. This large sized crocodile weighs 500 kilograms. Along with huge size and weight they can also run very wild that is 14 kilometer per hour. Nile crocodiles can swallow its victim in one piece. Crocodile attacks are fiercely vicious and very quick – generally over in a few seconds. Fishermen are also prone to attack as they slide their boats in and out of the water.


Puff Adder (Photo by Wendy Fidao)

The Puff Adder is deliberated to be Africa’s deadliest snake because it is responsible for the most human loss. Average length of Puff Adder is 1 meter and weighs 13.2 lbs. Venom of Puff Adder is enormously poisonous in nature which is found in Africa. One bite of this snake can led a person towards death in few seconds. It can also swim or climb into low vegetation. It is generally slow-moving, but it can attack exceptionally quickly.



White death is another name for great white shark which originates in many oceans of Africa. Six meter long this killer fish weighs 2250 Kilograms. There have been more than 200 Great White shark attacks off the coast of South Africa in as many years. Great White Shark launches extraordinary attack on tourists but generally they do not target them. If the shark comes to know that they have bite human they will release the body back. According to statistics, sharks kill between 10 and 20 people each year.



Cheetahs have made names in different domains of the wild. It’s one the most beautiful animal of Africa. The cheetah is the fastest land animal in the world. They can stretch a top speed of around 113 km per hour. Cheetahs are not naturally aggressive animals. Cheetahs follow their target for long distances, upon catching their prey they have a tendency to hide it on top trees away from other animals. A cheetah has wonderful eyesight throughout the day and can spot victim from 5 km away.

The Pantheon, Rome, Italy

The Pantheon, Rome, Italy

With its impenetrable wall and huge marble columns, the Pantheon is a monument in Rome, Italy. It is speculated that the original Pantheon built sometime in 25-27 BC, Marcus Agrippa, during the reign of Augustus. However, the exact construction date of the Pantheon remains uncertain. The inscription in the front reads “M- AGRIPPA-L-F-COS-TERTIVM-FECIT”, which in full can be read as “Marcus Agrippa Lucii Filius Consul tertium fecit” and translates literally into “Marcus Agrippa, son of Lucius, made when consul for third time”. The dome on the Pantheon was the largest in the world until the Florence Cathedral was constructed in 1436.


The location of the temple is also very significant. It was in this very place that the namesake of the city, Romulus, was carried away by an eagle and taken to the land of Gods, upon his death.

The word ‘Pantheon’ is etymologically derived from two words: ‘Pan’ meaning ‘all’ and ‘theion’ meaning ‘God’. This means that the temple was built to honour all the Roman Gods and Goddesses.

In 80 CE, a huge fire burned down the entire temple. Emperor Domitian rebuilt it. Unfortunately, in 110 CE, the temple was struck with lightening and was burnt again. It was again built for the third by Emperor Hadrian, in 125 CE. However, the inscription on the front bearing Agrippa’s name has been retained, even after it was reconstructed twice, even though the actual structure is very different from the original. Originally, the main building was approached by a flight of stairs. After the reconstruction, the ground level was raised, and the stairs were removed. In 202 CE, the Pantheon was repaired by Septimius Severus and Caracalla. Under the main inscription, a smaller inscription was added to acknowledge their efforts. The inscription reads: ‘pantheum vetustate corruptum cum omni cultu restituerunt’, which means ‘with every refinement, they restored the Pantheum, worn by age’. In 609 AD, the Pantheon was converted into a Catholic Church, and it was handed over to Pope Poniface IV. This protected the glorious monument from being exploited and looted.

Since it has been rebuilt twice over the ages, and because it has been maintained so well, the Pantheon remains one of the best preserved monument. Unlike some of the other monuments, which fell out of use, the Pantheon has been utilise for various purposes throughout history.


The Pantheon is a marvellous monument with massive and impressive construction. The entire building stands on a 1.3 meter high base. The steps are made up of yellow marble, and extends outward from the ends of the base. The main building comprises of two important parts: the porch and the circular building. The porch, measuring 33.1 X 13.6 meters, is Classical Greek in its appearance. The  Corinthian Columns each measures 11.8 meters tall. There are eight columns in the front and two groups of four columns just behind it.


Two important factors led to the success of the building’s construction. The first is the fine quality of mortar used in the cement and the other being the careful selection the materials used, ranging from the heavy basalt in the foundation and the lower parts of the base, to the lightest of the pumice stone.


The interior of the Pantheon is made so that it outshines the exterior. The double door, leading to the circular building or the rotunda, is made of bronze. It is believed that these bronze doors were once gold plated. Each of the door measures 12 X 7.5 meters. The doors on the monument today, though ancient, are not the original ones. The rotunda is 43.2 meters in its diameter.


The dome of the Pantheon is a perfect hemisphere, measuring 142 feet (43 meters) in diameter and rising to a height of 71 feet (22 meters) above its base. It supposedly weighs 4535 metric tonnes. Because of its immense size, the exact process of its erection has never been determined. The thickness of the dome changes with its height. It ranges from 6.4 meters wide at the base to 1.2 metres around the oculus. This intends to signify the archway to heaven.


There is an opening at the centre of the dome, through which sunlight floods in. The opening, or the oculus measures 43.3 meters, which is exactly the same as the diameter of the interior circle. The ocular was quite revolutionary for its time. The light flooding through this space, performs the task of a reverse sundial. The oculus ensures the cooling and ventilation of the interior of the Pantheon. There is even a drainage system that drains the rain water that falls through the oculus.


The Pantheon was perhaps the first of the several monuments of antiquity built so that the interior outperformed its exterior. Several masterpieces, such as The Annunciation are placed throughout the inside of the Pantheon.

The Pantheon was perhaps the first of the several monuments of antiquity built so that the interior outperformed its exterior. Several masterpieces, such as The Annunciation are placed throughout the inside of the Pantheon.

During the Renaissance, the Pantheon started being used as a tomb. It is the final resting place of many a great personalities, like composer Arcangelo Corelli, painters Raphael and Annibale Carracci, and architect Baldassare Peruzzi. King Umberto I and his wife Queen Margherita were also buried here. The other king of Italy, King Vittorio Emmanuele II was also buried in the Pantheon.

Though masses are not held regularly, the Pantheon is still used as a church today. Masses are held only on important Catholic days and weddings.


The square situated in front of the Pantheon is known as Piazza della Rotunda, and is also a very popular tourist spot.