Monthly Archives: February 2014

Dublin: The Town of Hurdled Ford



Dublin: The Town of Hurdled Ford

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Dublin, the capital of Ireland, is the favorite place for most of the international tourists. The popularity of Dublin can be seen from its tourists. The vivacity, nightlife and the tourists sightseeing are noteworthy. That’s why the place is among the list of very popular cities. Over two million people live in the Greater Dublin area as the size of the city is as large as a country. Maximum population lives in suburbs as the centre is moderately small and can be traversed by foot. In 841, when the city was founded people of Celtic tribes live there along with some Vikings. The king of England ruled the place in the 14th century and named the adjacent areas as ‘Pale’. Dublin experienced massive growth after 1649. The city grew over the centuries and became the 2nd largest city by the 17th century. This development in the 17th century was all because of the migration of many Protestant refugees from Europe to Dublin.

In 1800, an act of union was established among the two countries: Ireland and Great Britain. By then the Irish government was abolished. Ireland fought for its freedom for many years and finally in 1922 they won the war and got their freedom. One event that helped the Irish Government to gain its power again is the Easter rising in 1961. The event was listed among the most important historic events of Ireland. The city of Dublin is alienated by the River Liffey. The popular O’Connell Street lies on the north side of Liffey where there are many shopping streets. Two of them are Talbot Street and Henry Street. Many other Attractions are on the south side of Liffey; they include Trinity College, St.Patrick’s Cathedrals, St.Stephen’s Green, Christ Church and Grafton Street. Many other small street shops who offer great materials are there on the soutrh side.

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As the city is very large its postcode numbers are from Dublin 1 to Dublin 24. The places having lower postcode numbers are closer to the center of the city. All the even numbers belong to the south side shops and houses, while the remaining even numbers belong to the north side places. Although in the 20th century much of the supreme Georgian architecture was demolished but some notable amount still remains. They reminded the Irish about the British imperialism. The latter was replaced by the modernist office blocks. One of these is the St. Stephen’s Green which lies in Dublin 2. Dublin is known for its gentle environment. That is all because of the soothing effects of the Gulf Stream and the Atlantic Ocean. During winters the climate of Dublin is mild and snow is not a common thing there. Summon and chilly rains are the major source of precipitation in Dublin.

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During the peak summer season, many tourists visit Dublin. If you want to miss the crowd, show up early in the morning. The best place for epic book lovers is the ‘Chester Beatty Library’ in the Dublin Castle. The library has a huge collection of many manuscripts, early books and sacred texts. That’s a treat for the history lovers. Another treat for the eyes of the tourists is the ‘Christ Church Cathedral’ which is the oldest building of Dublin. The church was re-established in the 19th century. Watching the tomb which pre-dates the church is breathtaking. Another church which tourists like to visit is the largest church in Ireland, ‘Patrick’s Cathedral’. The ‘Dublin Castle’ is a historic place of Dublin which signifies the British rule in Ireland. An epic place dedicated to the lives of the famous Irish writers and the Irish Literature is the ‘Dublin Writers Museum’. ‘Dublin Zoo’ is the biggest zoo in Ireland which is located in Phoenix Park of Dublin. Be careful about the entry timings of the zoo. The famous heritage centre, Dublinia & the Vikings World, is located in the central Dublin near St. Michael’s Hill. There is a discount on the entry fee for the people of Christ Church Cathedral. Many exhibitions were being held regularly in this heritage centre.

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The most iconic building of Dublin is the General Post office (GPO) which is located in the O’Connell St Lower. The place has been the headquarters for 200 years. The building was designed from 1814 to 1818 in Neo Classical style by Francis Johnston. The leader of the Irish Rebels decided to took over the place in 1916. The interior of the whole place was massively destroyed because of the fires caused. The exterior of the place not that damaged. Restoration of the whole building took place in 1925 and the place was reopened in 1929. The most dynamic gallery of Ireland is the Green Red Gallery. The gallery is the home of many international art fairs. Many other great places of Dublin are the Project Arts Centre, Irish Museum of Modern Art, Jeanie Johnston Famine Ship Museum, Kilmainham Gaol, Merrion Square, National Botanic Gardens, National Gallery of Ireland, National Museum of Ireland – Decorative Arts & History, Phoenix Park and the Trinity College. All these places are must visit places of Dublin and there will be others places also for sure. In short there are unlimited places in Dublin to visit. If you don’t want to miss even a single place then the whole tour of Dublin would be endless.

The Land of Sexy Beaches – Miami



The Land of Sexy Beaches – Miami

This city of United States lies to the south east of the country in the state Florida. It occupies most of the land of Florida. Miami lies in the low latitude zone and thus has a savanna sub-tropical climate. It has warm and dry season from November to April and a wet, hot season during rest of the year. The second warmest ocean surf, after Honolulu, in the country (United States) occurs in Miami on an annual basis. People of Miami are found talking in either English or Spanish and prefer English mostly. And to go around and travel the city, use special tours. These sightseeing tours are done by both land and boat. The boat tour has a boat cruise which will take you to all the islands, beaches with an additional exploration of the skyline and Miami Port. While traveling through land, you will be able to see the major landmarks of the city and complete knowledge about the history and culture of Miami by stopping at various significant landmarks and traditional places such as the Freedom Tower, Venetian Pool, cigar making in Little Havana, etc.

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The major attraction of Miami is the Miami Beach. Tourists have a misconception that this beach is a part of Miami as it is infact a separate municipality. The beach lies to the east of Miami and Biscayne Bay on a barrier reef. The beaches of Miami are sunny and sandy. They have the heart and sound of a party place. The beach is spreads over the northern direction beside the coast of Florida. There a lot of resorts over the beach and many places and spots for spring break parties. There is Haulover Beach Park on the North Beach which tolerates topless sunbathing as a legal thing.

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Another major tourist place of Miami is Everglades Airboat Tour and Wild Life. Everglades are the tropical wetlands with a rich history and mesmerizing view. All the nature lovers and adventurous people must get to this place. It is the perfect combination of nature with adventure. The tour will be a 30 or 40 minute rides on an airboat and there will be professional guides to narrate the description of the place. There is a wild life show included in the tour where you can see a lot of wild and exotic animal species of Florida such as the American alligator, snakes, turtles, American crocodiles and fish, birds such as Bald Eagle, red Shouldered hawk, etc. This is the kind of place which you only saw in National Geographic channel. You must go to Star Island. Miami has this artificial island within the Miami Beach. The island has houses which have the perfect kind of architecture and are worth a visit. There is even a guard house on this island. Many celebrities have their houses on this island like Will Smith, P. Diddy, Madonna, Rosie O’Donnell, etc. It will cost you nothing to visit this island and this free sight-seeing is more than you think it is.

 

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There are many museums in Miami. One of them is Frost Art Museum which has a collection of American Photography from 1960’s and 1970’s, artifacts of pre-Columbian era (200-500 AD), Asian and African ancient bronzes, artworks and paintings of Caribbean and Latin American styles, etc. Another museum is Lowe Art Museum with has a lot of ancient pieces and antique sculptures, art, pottery, ceramics, etc. from the Renaissance period, Greco-Roman times, collected from Asia, Latin America, etc. Then there is Vizcaya Museum and Gardens in the southern Miami is an estate inspired by European architecture. Here it has a house that has all the antique styled furnishings surrounded by a garden occupying 10 acres of land.

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Miami Seaquarium in Miami is a very different kind of a place that you might have not seen ever. It is a giant aquarium which is a 10 minute ride from Miami downtown. It is a tropical island occupying 38 acres area and has marine life exhibits and marine shows. You get an exposure to the marine life and marine creatures, flora and fauna, etc. It is all very beautiful and very mesmerizing.

Miami city also has a zoo like every other city in every other country. But the special thing about Zoo Miami is that it is the oldest zoological park in the state of Florida and is the largest one in Florida. There are more than 12 hundred wild animals in this zoological garden. The animals are from various places of Asia, Africa and Australia. The variety of animals is more than any other zoo of the country. This is because of the climate of Miami that allows the survival and growth of diversity.

As per the area covered, the largest recreational urban park in whole Florida is in Miami which goes by the name Oleta River State Recreation Park. This place is super fun and you can do a lot of activities such as biking, swimming at the beach, enjoy like a picnic, playground sports and takes children to the kids’ park, etc. There are cabins with proper facilities, showers, air conditioned rest rooms, etc. You may even find some eagles and crabs also. But overall, this is good place to spend a whole day.

Mount Godwin Austen – The highest peak of India



Mount Godwin Austen – The highest peak of India

K2 also known as Mount Godwin Austen is the second highest mountain peak after Mount Everest. From the great Trigonometric Survey its name has been derived as Thomas Montogomerie made the first survey of the Karakoram from Mount Haramukh to the south, and he sketched two of the most prominent peaks namely K1 and K2. Its elevation is around 8,611 metre or 28,251 feet. According to the policy of The Great Trigonometric Survey the mountain peaks has to be recognised by their local names. So, K1 was locally known as Masherbrum still then K2 didn’t occupy its local name, most probably due to its remote location. It is located on the border between northern Pakistan and China.

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It is also known as the mountain of savage due to extreme difficulty that the people encounter while climbing on this mountain peak. It would be well signified with the fact that it has got the second highest fatality rate among the eight thousanders. It is also claimed that, if four people have tried to reach on the top of it then one would have died trying it. It is even more fatal to climb it from the Chinese side so people generally try from the north Pakistan side which is comparably easier to climb from. Unlike Annapurna, which has got the highest fatality rate in climbing K2 has never been climbed during winters. The mountain was first surveyed by the Survey Team of Europe in 1856. The first serious attempt to climb K2 was undertaken by Oscar Eckenstein through the Northeast Ridge but they failed miserably.

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The failure was also attributed due to sickness, lack of physical training, personal conflicts and poor weather conditions. An Italian expedition finally succeeded in climbing to the summit of K2 through the Abruzzi Spur on 31 July 1954. The expedition was led by Ardito Desio and the two climbers who reached the summit were Achille Compagnoni and Lino Lacedelli. The most recent attempt was undertaken by two New Zealanders Marty Schemidst and his son Denali, on 28 July, 2013 but they died after an avalanche destroyed their camp completely. As there is almost one-third of the oxygen available at the summit of K2 as there is on sea level. It is covered with glaciers and snow covered mountains that rise from its base at about 15000 feet on the Godwin Austen Glacier, a tributary of the Baltoro Glacier. The mountain was first discovered and measured in 1856 by Col. T.G. Montgomerie of the Survey of India, and it its special symbol K2 is given to it because it was the second peak measured in the Karakoram Region. As K2 is much prone to frequent, extremely severe storms and harsh climatic conditions that make the already treacherous climbing conditions on its slopes even more challenging.

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Moreover, humans at such highly elevated places find seriously uncomfortable in functioning of their body system so, it is one of the world’s most difficult mountains to climb. It is located hundreds of miles to the north of Mount Everest. It is locally known by the name of “Chogo Ri,” which means “The Great Mountain. It is a rocky mountain which becomes an ocean of snow especially during winters. In 1987 it was concluded by a newspaper report that it might be higher than Mount Everest but soon after it was measured and the entire report was unaccepted as it was 778 feet shorter. For people who just love thrill and adventure without having the feeling of being stuck and those whose body permits them to climb at such a high elevation should try and have the taste of success by climbing on this mountain peak. It is seriously a highly admired and brave task. One must take proper trainer and the essential and required kit with him as even a little negligence can prove fatal. Till 2009 11 women have tried climbing K2 but four of them failed to do so. K2, having its share of epic ascents, is also a mountain of literature. Some of the best writing about the trials of mountaineering has come from gripping adventures on the Savage Mountain.

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Various books have been written on the adventures related to the mountain peak like the 1939 Tragedy which is a very famous book by Andrew J. Kaufman and another book known as Triumph and Tragedy by Jim Curran which describes briefly the epic adventure that climbers enthral into while ascending to this highly difficult mountain peak. The Godwin-Austen Glacier is close to K2  in the Gilgit-Baltistan region of Pakistan occupied Kashmir. The glacier can be approached via the important Balti town of Skardu. K2 is notable for its local relief as well as its total height. For most of its climbing history, K2 was not usually climbed with bottled oxygen and altitude sickness is also a problem. When we ascend above eight thousand metres then it is considered to be the death zone. So, if one is really interested in taking on an adventurous tall then you can embark upon climbing upon this mountain peak.

The Devilish Mountain : Nanga Parbat



The Devilish Mountain : Nanga Parbat

Nanga Parbat, the westernmost Himalayas are ninth highest in the world and second highest in Pakistan. Well, the naked mountains are enveloped by the Indus River which ends in the plains. This was the geographical definition of the place. The scarier one says that is the most killer mountain of the world and is named as “Killer Mountain” or “Mountain of the Devil” as it contributes to the longest list of the human deaths and tragedies.

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Naming Schemes

The name of this mountain “Nanga Parvat” is derived from the Sanskrit word “nagna” which means bare or naked and “parvat” means mountain ranges in Hindi. The local people use the word “Diamir” which is again extracted from the three faces of the mountain Diamir, Rakhikot and Rupal. Also, to mount on this is not an easy task, it has the long deadlist which clearly specifies that why it has been awarded the name such as the “killer Mountain” by the Germans or the “Mountain of the Devils” by the shepas (the local community).

The records of the killer mountain were made when it took 16 human lives at once where 7 were climbers and 9 were the high porters. This activity made the Pakistani Government realise the fear of losing their climbers and they imported the law of restricting the area of that region that attracts the mountaineers and it almost outlawed half of the foreign climbers.

Blueprint of the Mountain

The mountain is divided into three faces, as mentioned above, with this whole crumple located in only southwest and northeast regions, where this Southwest portion is known as Mazeno Wall, and is further divided into many auxiliary peaks. The northwest part of the mountain is more cumbersome, which is enveloped by Indus and is further divided into Rakhikot and Diamir. The third face of the mountain known as Rupal is located on the southeast part of the mountain and this face also includes a mesmerising freezing chilling Lake Latbo, named on the seasonal shepherds of the place.

Climatic Effects

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Nanga Parbat is the most immense and dramatic peak and hence is notoriously knotty to climb. This became even more complicated with the seasonal effects. Like K2 mountain peak, this peak has ever been climbed in winter and hence it is well said that Nanga Parbat is still to be discovered in winters. Many mountaineers have tried but have only contributed to the death list. Unexpected and wobbly glaciers have killed many mountaineers but the list was high lightened when a German team attempted and almost seven climbers and fifteen porters of the team were killed during the climb due to numerous storms and hazardous avalanches. The effect of the torrential rains and gnawing winds is such that it has been counted in world’s most dangerous peaks.

Climbing History

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It started in 1895 when Albert F. Mummery climbed almost 7,000 m of West face i.e. Diamir of the parbat but was killed in the journey. Later it came under the focal point of the Himalayan Germans since Mount Everest was preoccupied by the Britishers. Germans were initially spotted with Kanchenjunga but they experienced that these are more difficult than Everest which shifted their focus to K2 and they finally discovered that this was the most difficult reducing their consideration that they can even climb its base. And this was the total reason for Germans to be prime interested in Nanga Parbat.

How it was formed?

Everyone has history and the story that how it was made and hence this Parvat has also gone through the same process. This Parbat was formed about 400,000 years ago by the collision of the volcanic plates of Asia and India but the present scenario reported by the Geological Department of  Peshawar Universities in collaboration with some US and European universities says that there are no such volcano eruptions and left outs beneath it. But, it consists some sulphur deposits along with some other mineral ores. Due to these reasons, this mountain is still in its growing phase and has listed its name in world’s most growing mountain.

The mountain was first taken into consideration in 1852 when Rudolf Schlagintweit brothers painted the canvas of this killer mountain. They basically portrayed the experience of their climbing as they were German climbers. It is said that the killing or devilish appearance of this Parbat came into existence when one of these brothers were murder and this applies as a curse to this place.

Attacks related?

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Everything has some bad things related to it and the attacks add this ghastly experience to it. The very famous Taliban attack on June 23, 2013 in which almost 10 foreign climbers were killed by the extremist militant adds the hapless moment in its history. The report says that the attacks happened at 1 AM and was basically initiated by the local Taliban tribes.

In this way many attacks are related to this Parbat but the Government and local expeditions say that the situation is now under control and the region has always been very peaceful and they are trying their best to make it like that.

Siena Cathedral – The Peak Of Magnificence



Siena Cathedral – The Peak Of Magnificence

Siena Cathedral is a medieval age church situated in Siena, located 40 miles south of Florence, Italy . Siena is a city in Italy which is known for its black and white colour buildings. It was a part of Roman Catholic  marian church and now to Santa Maria Assunta . The Cathedral was designed and built between  1215 – 1263 on the old Cathedral site. It consist of a Latin cross , a dome and a bell tower.  Greenish Black and white marble was used both inside and outside with red marble on the façade in the Cathedral. Black and white are the symbolic colour of Siena. There is also a lantern at the top  of cathedral which was added by  Gian Lorenzo Bernini.

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The history of the church is very heroic and dramatic. At the present location of cathedral  there was a 9th centuary  church with bishop palace . In 1196 the Cathedral, give charge to  the Opera di Santa Maria  to  construct a new cathedral. Works were started with the north – south section  and the main part of cathedral was planned to construct later. The records say there was transport of white and black marbles from 1226 onwards. In 1259-1260 vaults and the transept were constructed. In 1259 Manuello di Ranieri and his son Parri made some wooden choir stalls, which were replaced by cathedral about 100 years later and have  disappeared now . A record says in 1264, Rosso  Padellaio was paid to construct the copper sphere on top of the dome .In 1939, a construction on the main body was planned to start .It has double the size of old structure due to addition of new Nave and two aisles perpendicular to the existing nave. The construction was begun in the supervision  of Giovanni di Agostino,  known as a sculptor. In 1348 Construction was halted by the Black Death. Basic errors in the construction were already clear by then, however, and the work was never resumed. The  remains of this extension, the outer wall can now be seen to the south of the Duomo . The floor of the uncompleted nave now used as a parking purpose  and museum, and yet unfinished, the remains shows  the power of  Sienese , ambition, and artistic achievement.

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Inside the cathedral the pictorial view  of the black and white marble pattern  on the walls and columns  give a wonderful view. Black and white colours are at the coat of arms  of the officers  of Siena. The horizontal moulding all around the nave and the presbytery( a reserved section) contains 172 plaster busts of popes  from the 15th and 16th centuries . The first one is St. Peter and Last one is  Lucius III. The extrados of the round arches below this frame shows the busts of 36 emperors. The vaulted ceiling is decorated in blue with golden stars, replacing darkening on the ceiling.

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In 1288 , the stained-glass round window in the choir was made to the designs of Duccio. It is one of the oldest remaining examples of Italian stained glass. The  stained-glass window in the façade dates from 1549 and denotes the Last Supper. It is design of Pastorino de’ Pastorini.

The presbytery keeps save all the beautiful wooden choir stalls, present between 1363–1397 and extended in the 16th century. Actually  there were more than 90 choir stalls, placed in double rows. The cathedral’s treasured  pieces of art including The Feast of Herod by Donatello, and works of Bernini and the young Michelangelo converted it into an extraordinary museum of Italian sculpture.The communication between St. Ansanus and St. Margaret, a work of Gothic painting by Simone Martini and Lippo Memmi, brighten a side pedestal  of the church until 1799, when it was transferred to the Uff izi of Florence. The funeral monument was erected between 1317 and 1318 by the Sienese sculptor Tino di Camaino of cardinal Riccardo Petroni ( a juris consult of Pope Boniface VIII). Tino  succeeded his father as the master builder of the Siena cathedral. The marble memorial in the left transept is the oldest example of 14th-century funeral architecture. It is composed of a highly decorated sarcophagus, held above on the shoulders of four statues. In the pavement, in front of this monument, there is a bronze tombstone of Bishop Giovanni di Bartolomeo Pecci( bishop of Grosseto), designed and made by Donatello in 1427. Looking at a angle from the end of the tomb, gives a view of a three-dimensionality. It was  located in front of the high pedestal and transferred to the present location in 1506.In the left transept the Chapel of saint John the Baptist is situated. At the back of this chapel, lies  the bronze statue of St. John the Baptist by Donatello.  In this chapel the most impressive are the eight frescoes by Pinturicchio, instructed  by Alberto Aringhieri, and painted between 1504 and 1505. Repainting of the two was done in 17th century and the third was completely removed in 1868. Thus the Siena Cathedral is one  the most beautiful place in Italy holding  its natural beauty and welcoming a lot of tourist every day.

The Indian Scotland- Coorg, Karnataka



The Indian Scotland- Coorg, Karnataka

A picturesque hill station in Karnataka, popular for its coffee plantations, Coorg is popularly known as the Scotland of India.The scenic beauty of Coorg more than lives up to its reputation. Madikeri is the capital city in Coorg, which was established in 17th century. Its history includes the rule of many kingdoms and dynasties including Gangas, Cholas, Hoysalas, invasion by Mysore Sultans. The place is not just blessed and beautiful in its natural wealth, it has an equally varied historical lineage as well.

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For Nature Lovers

Coorg, the largest producer of coffee in India, is also known for producing cardamom, cocoa and Oranges. The forests around the place are full of Sandal, Teak and Rosewood. There are several wildlife sanctuaries in the area including Nagarhole National Park which are popular tourist locations. Elephants, tiger, leopards, cheetah and crocodiles are among the wildlife that can be easily spotted in these sanctuaries. Along with the endless greens of the forests, and the magnificent waterfalls, one can also find streams and valleys within these sanctuaries. The flora and fauna along with the topography play a major part in making Coorg a breathtaking hill station.

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The place is a paradise for nature lovers and wildlife enthusiasts. Coorg provides great opportunities for bird watchers. According to the facts and figures, Indian sub continent accounts for over 2060 species of birds. 25% of this population can be relegated to Coorg alone. Nagarhole, Abbey falls are among several suitable locations for spotting the numerous species of birds found here. In fact Coorg boasts of some species that have this place as their origin, for instance Malabar Trogons, Great Black woodpeckers to name a few.

Some 30 km from Madikeri is Nisargadhama, a biological park. The place has peacocks, deer, and rabbits and even provides elephant rides. Here, the river Kaveri splits, forming an island of sandal, teak trees and thick bamboo groves. This island, a beautiful specimen, is connected to the main land with the help of a hanging bridge made of rope. It is one among the many popular picnic sites in and around Coorg, owing to its natural splendor and beauty.

The city and its surrounding areas are littered with several waterfalls. These cascading sources of water have their own historical significance in addition to providing a visual delight for all and sundry. Some of these falls include names such as the Chelavara falls, Irpu falls, Abbey falls. Abbey Falls cascades over rocks and goes some 70ft down. It could be reached through a path that goes through coffee and cardamom plantation, making it a sensory treat.

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Irpu waterfalls have a mythological background. Lakshmana Tirtha river flows nearby, and the story, as it is  told in Indian epic Ramayana goes that the water fall was created by Lakshmana shooting an arrow to quench the thirst of Rama’ army.

For Religious Travelers

The Lakshmana Tirth River is not the only place that has religious meaning and importance associated with it. Talakauveri, considered as the origination point of river Kaveri, is situated in Brahmagiri hills. The tank or Kund near the temple is considered by the pilgrims as containing holy water. Another popular sacred site is the Omkareshwar temple, dedicated to the deity Shiva. This temple is dated to be some 200 years old, and its architecture is unique in the sense that it employs Islamic and Gothic styles.

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Hindu religion is not the only presence in this area. Its mixed cultural heritage becomes evident by the fact that Coorg has the second largest Tibetan settlement in India. The Tibetan Gold temple houses one of the most famous Buddha Vihar- the Namdrolling Monastery. The temple contains gold coated figure of Buddha, and other prominent figures in Buddhism.

For Adventure Enthusiasts

The numerous terrains in Coorg are lined by lush greenery, wilderness and gurgling streams and falls. These terrains provide amazing trekking options for novices as well as experienced trekkers. The journey of these winding trails provides sensational panoramic views, as well as a sense of peace and tranquility. The hills, the endless fields of green, the aromatic coffee plantations all successfully add to this effect.

The various trekking trails include Brahmagiri, Kotebetta (this hill looks like a fort), Nishani Betta, Tadiyandamol, and Kakkabe trek to name a few. All these trails have overflowing abundance of natural beauty. The surrounding wilderness is the habitat of several wildlife animals. Some of the trekking trails that are less popular with tourists still boast of untouched natural landscapes. These places where the hilltops seem to be touching the clouds are also conducive to those in search of peace and a place that is as far removed from the constant fast pacing city life as possible.

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The Nishani Betta trail provides one such experience. It becomes more memorable as the trail is lined with sporadic springs; the streams of fresh water and the trail that often goes through beautiful coffee plantations attest to the scenic beauty of Coorg.  The Kakkabe trek is famous for its nature walk as well as honey. Nalnad Palace and Padi Igguthappa temple are some tourist locations that can be visited while on this trail.

Coorg is also full of potentials for other adventure seekers as well. In Kushalanagara, a place near Coorg, Quad biking facilities are available for those interested in adventure sports.  Coorg also offers white water rafting facilities, mostly during June to September. The rains at this time create stretches of raging white waters. River Barapole is the most popular in this regard. Rafting facility here is available in a 3 km stretch. The five rapids are named as the Morning Coffee, The Grasshopper, The Ramba Samba, the Wicked Witch, and the Big Bang.

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The spectacular landscapes of Coorg,  the hills, forests and streams, the captivating coffee plantations and smell of the coffee beans, the beauty and quiet, sense of resting in nature’s lap, these all combine to make a visit to Coorg an unforgettable affair.

The City of Waterfalls and Flawless Natural Beauty – Skogar



The City of Waterfalls and Flawless Natural Beauty – Skogar

Skogar is a village situated in South Iceland known for the waterfalls, Skogafoss, on the river Skoga. Skogar is surrounded by amazingly beautiful location near the spectacular waterfalls Skogafoss. These waterfalls springs from top of a craggy cliff that is at around 60 meters away. Another famous place of Skogar is the museum, Skogasafn, which is open all the year around.

There are many other stunning waterfalls on the upstream of Skoga River one of which is Kvernusfoss falls. Skogar was highly influenced by the explosion of a volcano named Eyjafjalla in 2010.

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Here the museum name Skogar Folk Museum conserves the heritage and tradition of the place through a beautiful gathering of handicraft, manuscripts, books, documents, and a variety of tools, old buildings and equipments. One of the key point of the museum is the construction of various old farmhouses where visitors can see the place how people of Iceland lived in the past. A new Museum of Transport was also opened by the Museum in 2002. It enhances the history of transportation, technology and communication in Iceland along with the history of electrification and postal services in Iceland in the 19th and 20th century.

When it comes to restaurants and food courts for the visitors of Skogar, there is a place called Café Skogar, famous for its pleasant selection of sandwiches, Icelandic soups, home baked cakes and muffins are some of the most popular of the café for both snack and lunch.

Skogar is an amusing scenic place in the south coast of Iceland which arise from an ancient agreement of more than 1000 years ago, which lays the foundation of the hotel Edda Skogar. The hotel is surrounded with the giant glacier Eyjafjallajokull and black sand beaches which provides a contrast to the green sheet of Skogar forests.  Other natural attractions nearby hotels in Skogar village are Dydholaey sea arch and Skogafoss waterfall. Various other activities which happen around the hotel are glacier hiking, snowballs thrills, horse riding, bird watching, folk museum and lot more. One can also have a refreshing evening walk till the top of the Skogarfoss waterfalls which are around 183 steps away. There is a spectacular view of Antarctica at the nearest land near the South Pole.

Skogar is also not an unusual name for the schools which were inaugurated in the year 1949. The buildings of schools were used as summer hotel. The authority responsible for the schools is the same that were for the communication and traditional folk museums of Skogar. The initiator of the foundation of the schools was also the supervisor of the folk museums who was also responsible for the maintenance and development of the place for around 60 years. Still the place is managed well and entertains the tourists of the place. Various old houses and church are being reconstructed on the foundation of museum. The church represents the mirror image for the old churches of the country in which decorations inside are old artefacts from bygone churches. In 1998, the church was being blessed by the Bishop Luther. The place was without a single church of its own for approximately two and a half century. There is also an alluvial plain south in Skogar which gives a hope to change the sandy deserts and grey gravels into lush green fauna and to spot harbour seals dipping in the water.

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The perfectly fashioned rectangular waterfalls of Skogar have a width of 25 meter and drop with a 60 meter stream and these features of the waterfalls make it the favourite waterfalls of Julie. High volume of water stream makes it a thunder which fabricates a mist which yields a sheet like a rainbow that adds the allure to its scenery. These factors make these falls a dream in sunny skies for a painter and a photographer. The waterfalls are so popular because of the reason that it was easy to access. So it was not a big surprise to see mass of visitors to see the waterfalls. The place is popular also for its camping activity. It is a fantabulous waterfalling experience of getting so closely near the base of the waterfall. When we track to the official path along the cliff the waterfall not only gives the precarious top down views of falls abuts also the views of the Atlantic Ocean. Further going towards the Trail of Skoga River we can also go through many more beautiful waterfalls.

During morning sunrays falls on the waterfalls, we will have a beautiful view of rainbow in the waterfalls which will cherish the hearts of artists as well as visitors of the place. If you are lucky enough, then we have a nice photo of blue skies with Skogofoss and coloured rainbow. The waterfalls of Icelands are totally surrounded by forests so these are named Skogofoss which means forests that’s why these are also called as forest falls. The forests are not very green these days but the place has a rich fauna at one point of time. The waterfalls are particularly situated at Ring Road which is about 105 km east of the town Selfoss and in the west of Kirkjubaejarklaustur.

The Expedition Everest, Animal Kingdom, Walt Disney Amusement Park



The Expedition Everest, Animal Kingdom, Walt Disney Amusement Park

Expedition Everest is a very entertaining and adventurous roller coaster ride in the Animal Kingdom of the Walt Disney Amusement Park in Florida. It was announced on 22nd April, 2003 and three years later it was inaugurated in a grand opening ceremony on 7th April 2006. It took six years for its planning and construction. The Expedition Everest is made up of 5000 tons of Steel. The Expedition Everest is not the most aggressive and threatening ride of Walt Disney but it definitely is adventurous and fun. It is considered as one of the family attractions, suitable and commodious for children, teens and adults.

The theme of the Expedition Everest is based on the legend of a creature named Yeti guarding the ancient mountains of the Himalayas. Yeti is believed to be a snowman found in the region of Nepal and Tibet, taller than an average human.The story says that the ancient snowman guards the sacred places of the Himalayas and should not be disturbed or no one is spared from its wrath and fury. Features like Fastpass and Single Rider Line is available in the ride. The Fastpass allows the rider to avoid waiting in long lines and allows them to enjoy other rides and attractions during the wait time period. The capacity of the ride is about 2050 riders per hour. The duration of the ride is for about two minutes and fifty seconds.

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The journey of this ride starts from the office of a fictional travel agency named “Himalayan escapes”, then they reach an old tree warehouse which has an old museum known as “The Yeti Museum” run by Professor Pumba Dorjay which showcases artifacts from Nepal showing their culture and traditions, the facts about Yeti and its footprints thus warning the riders of the monster and the coming potential dangers they are about to encounter. The guests of the Single Rider Line can skip this part of museum and exhibition. After the museum, the real adventure begins when the riders board the train from Anandapura Rail Service at the model village of Serka Zong.  The train was initially used to transport tea but is now used to deliver guests to the foot of Mount Everest. It is given the look of an old steam engine. It runs at a maximum speed of 50 km per hour both forward and backward.

The ride starts through a quite village and bamboo forests with twittering birds and beautiful sceneries all around. The area is decorated with bright flags and colours, the indigenous plants and wilderness and other native things of Nepal. A lot of research, time and thought have been put into it by the designing and the creative team of Walt Disney. It is indeed very beautiful and fascinating to watch. Besides the beauty, the setting also involves various perilous warnings of the danger that lies ahead. Despite of that the train advances to the forbidden mountain which is said to be the domain of the fearful Yeti.

The train then ascends the mountain which is 200 feet tall. It passes through a raided temple which has the carvings and paintings of the yeti thus confirming his existence to the riders and that it is not a myth. The height of the ride is about 112 feet. The train ascends the mountain through a bridge connecting the mountain and the village. The view of the park from such a height is amazing. The train goes through circles of path surrounded by glaciers valleys and finally reaches the peak of the mountain where it enters a dark and frightening cave. When it finally emerges from the cave, the riders witness the track being broken and torn apart presumably by the Yeti. Thus, having no other way to go forward the train retreats and starts going in the backward direction through another spiral way. When the train again enters the dark cave, it comes to a halt and a large Yeti is seen damaging and tearing apart more tracks in fury as his territory is being violated. The Yeti then seems to plunge upon the riders but the train escapes and continues to move forward and exits the cave. The train descends to about 80 feet where it enters another cave where the shadow and the shrieks of another Yeti could be witnessed again. The lightening and the sound effects here are incredible. The train finally emerges from the cave and returns to the station and the adventure ends.

The ride seems to be very fascinating and wonderful and a treat which one must give to himself but a certain safety precautions must be kept in mind before going for it. Pregnant ladies are strictly prohibited to go to this adventure ride. A person should be in good physical and mental health. A person suffering from heart disease or blood pressure problem is advised not to take this ride. People suffering from motion sickness may encounter vomiting, nausea or dizziness.

The Expedition Ride is listed in the Guinness book of Records as the most expensive roller coaster built in the world. Its cost is estimated to about US $ 100 million. Its USP is that it can travel in both forward and backward direction in a single ride. Contrary to popular belief it is not the tallest point in Florida, it is the tallest artificial artifact of Florida. It is one of the finest specimens of the story telling ability of Walt Disney and the special effects it could create.

Empire State Building- The Desire of Man To Reach Zenith



Empire State Building- The Desire of Man To Reach Zenith

The empire state building is a 103 floors skyscraper (a tall commercial building) in New York city of USA. Its height is 1,250 feet (381 meters), and 1,454 feet (443.2 m) high including antenna .The name empire state is taken from the city name new york( the empire state) the nickname of the city.it stood as the world tallest building for 40 years from 1931 to 1970 after the construction of world trade centre. Which was attacked and destroyed by a terrorist group in  September 11 , 2001.now empire state building become tallest building  again in new york city until One world trade centre reach a tallest height on 30 April 2012.the empire state building is now the fourth tallest skyscraper in USA after One world trade centre, Wills tower, Trumph international hotel. The empire state building is the 23rd tallest building in world ( Burj khalifa in Dubai is the tallest)

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The empire state building is thought as a America culture icon. It is designed in art deco style, and named as seven wonders of the modern world by the American society of civil engineers.   It is the no1 favourite Architecture  in America according to AIA . The Empire State Building was designed by architectural firm Shreve, Lamb and Harmon and the designer was  William F. Lamb . Lamb produced the architectural drawing of building in just two weeks by using the earlier knowledge of designing for the Reynolds Building in Winston-Salem ,North Caroline . Every year the staff of the Empire State Building pay homage to its role in construction of empire state building by sending a father day card to staff at the Reynold building in WINSTON-SALEM. The contractor of building construction were  The Starrett Brothers and Eken and this dream project was financed by  John J. Raskob and Pierre S. du Pont . The construction company was owned by  Alfred E. Smith, a Governor of New York and building material supplied by James Farley’s General Builders Supply Corporation .

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Excavation on the site was started on 22 January 1930nd construction on the building started on 17 march .This project   involve 3,400 workers in which most were immigrants from Europe along with 100 of Mohawk iron workers. According to official account 5 workers died accidently during work. During the time of construction there was an intense competition of making the world tallest building. Two other building were also in the race of tallest building naming , 40 Wall Street and the Chrysler Building , each of this two building held title for less than a year and after the completion of Empire state it took the crown. The construction took 410 days instead of taking 18 month it completed in 15 month. The Empire state building opened on  May 1, 1931 by president of America at that time  Herbert Hoover by turning on the light of building. the building is completed in one year and 45 days.

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The Empire state building was the first building in world history to have 102 floor including a 62  metre pinnacle. Its full height reaches 442.09 metre. The building has 85 floors of commercial and office use ,with an outdoor observation deck on 86th floor. The remaining 12 floors are art-deco tower , covered by a 102th floor of observatory .Atop it consist of a pinnacle consisting of broadcasting tower and a light rod. Building has 6,500 windows and 73 elevators(64 elevators are located in centre core and remaining are service elevators) with 1,860 stairs from ground .It takes less than a min to go to 85th floor. The total floor area of Empire state building  is 2,768,591 sq. ft (257,211 m2), and the base  2 acres (8,094 m2). The building have 1,000 businesses and has its own Zip code 10118. According to 2007 record, the building has 21,000 employ making the Empire building as the second largest office after pentagon.

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The building has 113 km of pipe, 760,000 m of electric wire, it is heated by low pressure steam and require a 12 k.pa. of steam pressure to do so. The Empire state building has one of the most beautiful outdoor view from its deck at 86th floor. Its deck offers a 360 degree view of the outer world. There is a second observation floor at the 102th floor which was closed after 1999 and reopened in 2005. The empire state building make more money from tickets for observatory deck than rents from the office.

In 1964 flood lights were added to decorate the building and special colors are chosen according to festivals and events. after the eightieth birthday of Frank Sinatra the building was illuminated with blue light to represent the singer nickname where at the death of actress  Fay Wray (King Kong) the building change to complete darkness for 15 min .The flood light illuminate the building in to red , blue, after the attack at world trade centre. During 2012 the building metal halide lamps was replaced by  led lights.

Nature’s Miraculous Power- The Krimml Waterfalls



Nature’s Miraculous Power- The Krimml Waterfalls

The falling water means the waterfalls give you implausible sight of the nature’s magical move of the water. If those waterfalls falls from the long height gives you more and more incredible view of the miraculously flowing water. And for those who love water will definitely want to visit the highest waterfall of the world. So here let’s visit this phenomenal waterfall of Europe-the Krimml waterfall. The Krimml waterfalls are the highest waterfalls of the Europe.

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The Krimml waterfall of Austria is one of the highest waterfalls of Europe with thrilling motion of water in the three stages with the total height of 380 meters. The source of the waterfalls is the Krimml River and gently it flows through a paddock before it falls as sub glacial stream. With a 10 minute walk on the cemented path that is mounted from the WaterWonderWorld by Austrian Alpine Association. Then again with the 1-hour walk through the waterfall path finally takes you to the highest waterfall and that scene gives you extravagant views of the rumbling masses of water.

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Knowing about the way to Krimml waterfalls some of you would might have thought of backing out from visiting there. But wait, if you actually thinking so, the way to waterfalls is not at all difficult when you go there with the dazzling sceneries around. The Hohe Tauern National Park gives you great background scene for your photographs when climbing from the village of Krimml to Central Europe’s Krimml waterfalls through the territory of Salzburg state.

Then about half an hour walk above the Salzach valley from the southern end of the village, takes you to the lower falls which is the first view point of the falls. Then going further to Riemannkanzel takes you the second stage of the Krimml waterfalls where you actually realize the magical power of water. And then 5 minutes walk from there finally takes to the destination means the third and topmost view of the waterfall. And in between the journey to your destination, the Schoenangerl restaurant at 4,216 ft is perfect break point as it gives you best view of the Bergerblick which the top of the falls. And due to tectonic shifts the earth is pushed and a high distance is created to the bottom of the falls. Once you are finished with the sight view of the waterfalls then you must visit the Aquatic theme park which is adjacent to falls and that portray the myriad forms of water.

History of Krimml Waterfalls

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Europe’s highest waterfall has a great history behind it. It has won a numerous awards over the centuries. The Krimml waterfalls won the European Nature Conservation Award. In 1845, the Baedak Travel proudly declared the falls as “the monarchy’s most beautiful waterfalls behind Krimml”. And already earlier in 1796, Krimml waterfalls were called as “the biggest and most magnificent natural spectacle in the state of Salzburg”. And until then access to those waterfalls was not possible. But later, in 1879 the young Alpine Association decided to build a footpath with the bridges and platforms in three stages. And finally in the same year the new path to the falls was opened. But only after the completion of the Pinzgau Railroad line in 1967, the visitors started visiting the waterfalls.

The Power of Water

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The fifth highest waterfalls have the tremendous force of water when it falls. The power of the water with which it falls from its source the Krimml River is just mesmerizing. The River has catchment area of 110 square kilometers along with 23 glaciers.

The water carrying capacity of the Krimml River is seasonal dependent and mostly it carries between 10 and 83 cubic centimeters of water per second. And on average day at the time of glacier melting period from to August water carrying capacity varies between 20 and 35 cubic meters per second. On late afternoon more and more water plunges into valley as in noon snow starts melting and sometimes creates a flood situation.  And also it leads to ebb tide to prevail. The morning glaciers do not provide much water to the valley due to icy cold nights.

The Krimml Achen valley and waterfalls both were made protected by creating Hohe Tauren National park in 1984.  If you are interested to watch the powerful force of the nature then best view can be seen from the “Wasserfallblick” parking lot which is alongside the Gerlos Alpine Road or you can directly go to Waterfall Trail.

Waterfalls and the Health:

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Krimml Waterfalls do not have magical power just in their view but it has miraculous power implanted in the water itself. As many researchers have proved that the Krimml valley’s water works as remedy for the people in the close propinquity. The millions of negatively charged ions from water help in the stimulation of the immune system which leads to improvement in the functioning of the respiratory system and pulmonary arteries. As these charge particles are accountable for the cleansing effects of the lungs which leads to the suggestive and immunological improvement.

The waterfall have been proven best for the people suffering from Asthma and allergies as they suffer majorly because of the lungs non cleansing and that is overcome with the help of these charged particles. In fact due to its remedial water the Krimml Waterfalls are declared as health and spa center. So the along with the finest view waterfall also gives you health compliment too.