Daily Archives: 03.02.2014

Magic, Mystic and Madness of Tomorrowland, Belgium

Magic, Mystic and Madness of Tomorrowland, Belgium


Welcome to the largest music festival which is held every year in the town named Boom in Belgium. The place is about 10 miles i.e. 16 km south of Antwerp which is in the north of Brussels (32km). This is a joint venture organized and managed by the ancillary of SFX Entertainment and ID&T. The whole event was structured in the minds of the two Belgian brothers named Gael and Mauricio. The event was first organized in August 14, 2005. Corfijneman, Armin Van Buuren, Yves Deruyter, Push (M.I.K.E), Coone and Technoboy are the first ones to perform on stage for this festival. Brad Bird is the director of this music festival. He is also the screenplay writer of the whole event along with Jeff Jensen.

Since 2005, the event has become the most global music festival and was being organized every year since then. The second installment of the festival was hosted by David Guetta, Ruthless, Marco Bailey and Armin Van Buuren and was held in the year 2006 on 30th of July. It was mentioned in the poster that the famous DJ Zany will perform in the festival but at the last moment he cancelled his performance because of his tour with Madonna.


The third edition of the festival lasted for only two days and took place on 28th and 29th of July, 2007. A record was set when for the very first time in history more than 100 DJs performed in the festival on 26th and 27th of July, 2008.  More than 50,000 people visited this event and the whole event was a big show. For the fifth edition which is held on July 25th and 26th in 2009 Tomorrowland attracted more than 80,000 people. The stage was formed with a background of the 90s. Big musicians namely SASH, Natural Born Deejays and Push participated in the event. The act of “Moby” was the biggest act performed in that year. Even La Rocca was present there to perform this time. This time the venture was even bigger than before.

The main stage of 2010 Tomorrowland was the biggest attraction this time. In two days around 120,000 people visited the event and even all the tickets of the event were sold out before the event premiere. The event launched its official anthem which was written and composed by Dimitri Vegas & Like Mike and Dada Life. Tara McDonalds was the lyricist of the song. The song “Tomorrow Give into the Night” was performed twice after House Mafia on the main day only. The song was among the top 5 chartbusters in the Belgian commercial charts. The song became the prevalent selling anthem of Tomorrowland till date. The festival is extended to three days in 2011. All tickets of the festival were sold in a few days of the official pre-sale of the tickets. This time it was over 180,000 visitors in Tomorrowland. Dozens of stars including Avicii, Swedish House Mafia, David Guetta, Nervo, Tensnake, Carl Cox, De Jeugd van Tegenwoordig, Laidback Luke and Paul van Dyk performed live on stage.


In 2012 the festival earned the title of “the best festival of its kind” at the International Dance Music Awards. The event took place from 27th to 29th of July and this time 400 DJs from all around the world participated in the event. Some of them were Steve Aoki, The Bloody Beetroots, Swedish House Mafia, Ferry Corsten, Dimitri Vegas & Like Mike, David Guetta, Hardwell, Nervo, Pendulum, Paul van Dyk, Afrojack, Marco Bailey, Armin van Buuren and skazi. 15 different stages were made for the performances and all the stages were made with perfection. 185,000 people who were from 75 different countries attendee this event for three days. After this huge success of the event, the organizers decided to give the Belgians a special chance to book the tickets before the people of different countries and trust me the tickets were sold in less than a single day. Even 2,000,000 people were on the waiting list. Other 100,000 tickets were sold in the next 43 minutes only. This was definitely the biggest festival Belgium ever had. Now, Brussels Airlines and Tomorrowland are partners and they provide the visitors a special travel package over the airlines of 15 different cities of the world. There is no doubt in the fact that this is the only festival for which spectators come from all over the world.


The dates of Tomorrowland 2013 were finalized from July 26 to July 28. Around 180,000 tickets were sold in just 35 minutes and the remaining tickets were sold in the coming second. Brussels Airlines had to pick the people from 67 different cities around the world on 140 different flights. The Global Journey packages offered by Tomorrowland helped more people to reach the festival for all three days. Tomorrowland was about to celebrate its 10th Anniversary in 2014 with great pomp and show so now who doesn’t want to join the madness and have the lifetime experience of your life. The festival is must especially for all the fun and music lovers. It is being said that this people Tomorrowland will be open for over two weekends. So what are you waiting for!

The Rich and Active Shanghai, Most Populous City of China

The Rich and Active Shanghai, Most Populous City of China


The most active city in China is Shanghai. The city in the world with the largest population is Shanghai. This city of China is, therefore, the most populous city in China with a population of 24 million as in 2013. Since 1930’s, it has been the most prosperous city in whole of the Far East. Many tourists from all over the world visit this city and tourism has grown in the past 20 years. This is evident from the event hosted by Shanghai in 2010 – the World Expo – which had the largest number of visitors in the history. Shanghai is the only city of China that has a very fascinating mixing of Eastern and Western cultures. There are Chinese styles in the houses with a perfect European touch. You will also find Parisian designs and Tudor designs in the buildings which will give you a look of the New York or Chicago reminiscent buildings. The city is very populous and the world says that “Shanghai for rich is heaven and for poor is hell”. Shanghai houses every class from a farmer, a manual laborer to a graduate from foreign universities.


The geographical land of the city is divided into two parts by the Huangpu River into Puxi on the west of this river and Pudong to the east of this river. Pudong, the modern part, has very famous buildings of Shanghai which are very impressive and extreme high-rises. It has the tallest buldings in Shaghai which includes The Shaghai International Financial Center, The Oriental Pearl TV Tower and the Jinmao Building, etc. Everything on either of side of the river is referred by both these terms. Older city is the Puxi which is there since 19th century whereas most of the Pudong was developed after 1980s. Another thing very significant about the city is the infrastructure of transport. The city has two major commercial airports, the Hongqiao Internation and the Pudong Internatinal, which handles most of the International traffic in China just after Hong Kong. Overall traffic handled is the third highest after Beijing and Hong Kong. For the local transports, Shanghai has a very extensive system including buses, taxis and the most important one – rapid speed metros. The metro system is rapidly expanding to connect the sub-urbans areas of Minhang, Songjiang, etc. To access any of the above mentioned transport systems, people must use ‘Shanghai Public Transport Card’.


The most famous attraction of the city the Oriental Pearl Tower. this tower is tallest building in the city and lies right in the centre of the skyline of Shanghai. The most visited  is the museums. ‘The Shanghai Museum’ is a 30 meter high building which holds the ancient arts and collections of Chinese culture. It was founded in 1952 and was moved to three different places before it was fixed to be moved on the People’s Square in 1992. The construction was completed in 1996 and it has the shape of a tripod cooking vessel known as a ding made of bronze designed by the local architect Da Ke Ding. The building follows the ancient perception of Chinese about the world as “round sky and square earth” and thus it has round top but a square base. This museum stores a collection of more than 12 thousand pieces having all bronze, ceramics, furniture, ancient coins, calligraphy, jades, paintings, seals, minority art, sculptures and also foreign art. It has overall 11 galleries and 3 special halls of exhibition. These galleries are divided as per the categories of the artifacts and pieces. The museum is very important to their people and has many very important and historical pieces, for example, some from Han Dynasty.


Another thing that is a must visit when you go to Shanghai is the night cruise on Huangpu River. The mother river of Shanghai is Huangpu River. The waterfront district is renowned and is the most famous landmark in the city. The reason why people there call this river as the mother river can only be understood by viewing the lights and spectacle from the Night Cruise’s deck. The section of Shanghai that has perfect blending of the ancient as well as modern culture is The Bund which is visible from the evening cruise. Once you are on the cruise, the eyes will not rest as there is plenty to look at. You can see the skyscrapers glittering over the Pudong’s eastern shore. You will enjoy the privileged view of the bridges that are spread across the Huangpu River. You will be able to see the most famous buildings of the colonial era. You can see the Peace hotel was built in the ancient times and has a distinct pyramid roof with blazing green color; you can see the large clock tower of the Customs House. There are many other buildings and breathtakingly beautiful view from this cruise. The cruise is available at three times in a day, one full cruise in the morning, one full in the afternoon (which takes a complete circuit of Huangpu) and one in the night from 7 pm to 9 pm. For a visitor going for the first time must explore the temples of the city which will have a reflection of Chinese culture in them.

The Tavern of the Seas – Cape Town

The Tavern of the Seas – Cape Town


Cape Town city is the provincial capital of the Western Cape. The city is also the governmental capital of the country. In South Africa it is ranked as the second most popular city (first is Johannesburg). The city is situated on the shore of the Table Bay. Originally the city was developed by the Dutch East India Company. They used the city as a station for the sailing of the Dutch ships towards India, East Africa and the Far East. On 6th April 1952 a permanent settlement was recognized in South Africa by Jan van Riebeeck. The city grew to become the cultural and economic heart of the Cape Colony.

Cape Town was the largest city in South Africa until the establishment of Johannesburg and Witwaterstand Gold Rush. Today, the city is the destination of many expatriates and immigrants of South Africa. Thus, we can call the city a multicultural city. The city is very famous for its landmarks which are Cape Point and Table Mountain, its harbor and its natural sights in the Cape Floral Kingdom. According to the figures recorded in 2011 its metropolitan area has a population of 3.74 million. The International Council of Societies of Industrial Design named the city as the “World Design Capital” in 2014.


The view of Cape Town’s “City Bowl” from the Table Mountain is quite enduring. The Table Mountain is 1,000m high and flat topped with a thin layer of clouds over its top. You can call the Table Mountain an island itself. Other two famous locations Devil’s Peak and Lion’s Head are located on the two sides of the Table Mountain. This is like icing on a cake. And this is the reason why this central area of Cape Town is called the City Bowl. The City Bowl can be viewed from the Lion’s Head also. It is the must visit place of Cape Town. The City Bowl area is encircled by Table Bay and the whole area is naturally amphitheatre shaped. Even the mountains of Devil’s Peak, Lion’s Head, Signal Hill and Table Mountain define this area. You will find many other central business quarters in the same areas which are Zonnebloem, Company’s Gardens, Woodstock, Vredehoek, Schotschekloof, Higgovale, Bo-Kaap, Walmer Estate, De Waterkant, Tamboerskloof, District Six and the University Estate. Thus, if you want to visit each and every famous place of Cape Town all you need to do is to enter the City Bowl area.

Cape Point on the Cape peninsula

In the south there is Cape Peninsula which is a picturesque hilly spine spreading 25m towards the Atlantic Ocean and this spine ends at Cape Point where there are about 70 peaks. The Cape Flats is a large plain which is the home of many suburbs of the city. These Cape Flats are 50km in the east and they actually bound the mainland to the Peninsula. The Cape Flats are actually the expansion of the lowland regions. The place where the Cape Flats is located has very grimy geology and the place is known as the Rising Marine Plain. In terms of its uneven mountain ranges, inland valleys, widespread coastline, semi desert fringes and Mediterranean ambiance the place is very much similar to Southern California.

The summers of Cape Town which last from December to March are quite warm and dry. And the winters will be moderately wet and mild. Significant precipitation and strong winds will be there in the winters which last from June to August end. In the late spring season there blows strong winds which are named “Cape Doctor” because it blows all the air pollution away.The level of biodiversity is very high in the Cape Town city. Around 2,200 different species of plants and 19 different vegetation types are curbed in the Table Mountain. Many of these species are confined to the Table Mountain only and cannot be found in any other regions.


 Any other continental area across the world of equivalent size doesn’t have that much concentration of endangered species as Cape Town did. Some small leftovers or extinct plants survive on sports fields or pavements or on road sides. There are over 30 natural reserves in Cape Town which are protecting the ecosystems of the city. The Table Mountain National Park is among them. The unique location of the Cape Town at the conjunction point of unique and different soil types is the reason behind this epic species diversity and macro-climates. In whole there are 67 endemic plants and 1200 plant species in the whole United Nations which is very less in comparison to Cape Town’s Table Mountain.

There are many suburbs in Cape Town. These suburbs are because of the distinct geographic features of the city. These features actually divide the city into some groupings of suburbs which are commonly known by the people. The number of suburbs is equal to the number of districts which lie outside South Africa. There are many suburbs that share common characteristics of culture and language and are even developed together historically. The Cape Flats, Durbanville Hills, the Table Mountain and its neighboring peaks are the main diamonds of Cape Town’s urban geography. So we can say that Cape Town is one of the most loved cities where one can live in, work in, invest in, play in and especially visit in whenever one wants.

The State of Adventure: California

The State of Adventure: California

The heart of United States, the city of joy and the land of Hollywood, California must be visited once in a lifetime by everyone on this earth. Geographically, California is situated towards the western coast in North America. According to population California is the most populous state of Unites States and according to area it stands at third position in U.S. after Texas and Alaska. Sacramento is California’s capital city. Other cities of California include Los Angeles, San Francisco, San Jose, San Diego, Oakland, Fresno and Long Beach.

The state has diversified geographical location and is surrounded by Pacific Ocean to its west, the Redwood Douglas fir forests in the north western region, the Sierra Nevada to the east of the state and the Mojave Desert in the south eastern region. The heart of the state is the Central Valley in the centre of the state which is a very fertile agricultural land. The highest point of US is the Mount Whitney which is in California. The lowest point of US is Death Valley which is also in California. About half of the area of the state (precisely 45%) is covered by green forests growing mainly pines which cannot be matched to pines from another state. Many trees in the White Mountains of California are the really old and oldest trees on earth. The Bristicole Pine tree in the forest is 5000 years old. The main economy of the country is because of the agriculture and fresh fruit and vegetable production. Half of the fruit and vegetables consumed in US are grown in California. The only thing that is not great about California is that this state is prone to earthquakes. Everyone must definitely visit the places discussed below.



The first is Los Angeles. The city is the magical city of California and is one of the most populated cities of US. Los Angeles is a dream city and is perfect for holidays. There are many tourist destinations in the city. Even the locals are never tired of visiting the places ever. The world famous HOLLYWOOD sign on the mountains of Los Angeles is a delight to the eyes for all the fans of Hollywood. Other places to visit in the city are the Walk of Fame, the Beverly Hills, the Graumann’s Chinese Theater, the Rodeo Drive, etc. Don’t miss the beaches of Los Angeles. They are one of the best beaches, in not just US, but the world.



The second city of California that is worth the time and money you spend on your vacation is San Francisco. The best architecture of San Francisco that will take away your breath is the Golden Gate Bridge. A walk on this bridge will be an experience for life time. Lucky are all those all who live there. Other famous places of San Francisco are the Alcatraz, cable cars, hills, the Italian North Beach and a large Chinatown. Walking in the streets of San Francisco will give you hell of a joy and a splendid vacation.



After San Francisco, one must visit the city of San Diego. The world’s most popular zoo with a separate safari park, also known as the wild animal Park is located in San Diego. This zoo is very big and will take a complete day to watch everything and every corner of this park. Another very attractive place in San Diego is the Sea World which is a marine theme park is total fun. For the lovers of baseball, there is a completely renovated downtown with vibrant ambience, a Major League Baseball Stadium.



The must-go place in California is the Disney Land. The Disneyland is the world famous park and fun for every age group. It is a theme park with the themes of all cartoon characters given life by Walt Disney and is the most famous landmark in the state. The colorful décor and jolly atmosphere of the place will bring out the child in you. It is in the city of Anaheim in California. There are other ancestral and modern theme parks in Anaheim which are worth a visit. When in California, do not leave without visiting the Santa Barbara city. This city is rightfully called the American Riviera as the city is on a coast which faces south and has a different sort of style in itself.



California is a very adventurous place and full of joy. About the things you should do when you are in California, here are some suggestions. Your first choice must be Ski near the Big Bear or Lake Tahoe which have the greatest resorts. You must also try Surfing which is a completely different experience in itself. Even if you have done surfing before, it is nothing like you will feel in California. Also, you must not miss the fun of a scuba dive. The long coastline of California is the place which offers the best scuba diving and is a great thing and unforgettable experience. And how can one miss the mountain climbing and camping. The Sierra Nevada and the Shasta Cascades will provide you with a great climb to the mountain and perfect spots of camping in the mountains. Family and friends can together make this a wonderful trip if you do all these things in California, because it is just perfect place for all of it.

Exploring the Historical Istanbul-Fascinating Byzantium

Exploring the Historical Istanbul-Fascinating Byzantium


Istanbul is the biggest city in the land of Turkey which is the heart of the country’s economy, culture and history. It is the third most populated cities in the world with a population of over 14.1 million. Istanbul is the administrative capital of the country. Commercially also, the city is the most active in the country as Istanbul is transcontinental and has the world’s busiest waterways around it. This place is called Bosphorus and lies in North West Turkey between the Black Sea and Sea of Marmara. Initially when the city was formed in 660 BC, it was called Byzantium. It has great has significantly great history. In 300 AD, it was established as Constantinople; from 330 to 395 AD, it was the capital city of the Roman Empire; then till 1204 and again from 1261 to 1453, it was the capital city of Byzantine Empire; between these years from 1204 to 1261, it was the capital of Latin Empire and after 1453 till 1992, it served as the capital of Ottoman Empire. Before the Ottoman Empire, the city followed Christianity during the times of Roams and Byzantines. It was after the coming of the Ottoman Empire in 1453, when the city converted to Islamic religion and that continues till today.

Istanbul is ranked fifth when we talk about the most popular tourist destinations. And this city is honored by the title of “European Capital of Culture”. It had more than 11.6 million people as tourists last year. The foreign visitors arriving in Istanbul is increasing every year. It is among the list of the UNESCO World Heritage Site and is one of the main historic centers on the earth. This metropolitan city is growing faster and faster in economic terms as well. There are plenty of places you can see in this city full of history and culture. The long history of empires of this place makes it the home of monuments of various kinds and diverse historical art.


Anyone visiting Istanbul must go to Hagia Sophia, Sultanahmet Mosque (also known as Blue Mosque), Topkapi Palace and Basilica Cistern. All these are situated around Sultanahmet Square. Other attractions are Church of St. Savior which is situated in the old city peninsular area. This church has interior covered with frescos and mosaics which are precious work of art and exceptionally beautiful to look at. Just next to this church, there is full length western boundary marking the Theodosian Walls which are very impressive. Towards the north of this peninsula land of old city, they have ‘Galata’ across the Golden Horn and the Galata Tower seems to crown it. There is a sight to the north of this tower called the Galata Whirling Dervish Hall which also has religious importance. By the Turkish empires, we have the ‘Istanbul Modern’ near the Karakoy waterfront that hold exhibition of contemporary art of Turkey. When you move to the west of the old city, you will find the beautiful banks of Golden Horn. Here one can see the Ottoman Istanbul and what life used to be when the Ottoman Empire ruled here. You will find the most holy Islamic Shrine of Istanbul.


When you go back to the main city of Istanbul or the new city of Istanbul, you will find high rise building, skyscrapers, business hub and market etc. which gives a completely different outline to the and a distinct skyline to the city. Other places one must visit in Istanbul are Maiden’s Tower, Military Museum, Art Nouveau Buildings, waterside palaces, waterfront mansions, pine groves, etc.

There is a lot of stuff other than sightseeing that you can do in Istanbul. The most fun of them is ‘Hamams’. Hamams is the term used to refer to Turkish bath and the trip to Istanbul is incomplete without it and you would want to go there again. You can find a historical Hamam in pretty much every neighborhood. Sualtanahmet has a lot of historical Hamas. It is nothing like a western massage, but it is total Turkish experience. Another thing you must try in Istanbul is the ‘Nargile’. Nargile is a Turkish Water Pipe and was most popular in the political as well as social lives of Turkeys. For a few locals, Nargile is probably the greatest pleasure. It is sort of a Hookah and is allowed only in the places where you can smoke. The best thing to do in Istanbul for the tourists is probably the walking tours. The city has a perfect walk from Haghia Sophia to the top till the Topkapi Museum. This complete walk will be three hours long but you will find rest houses in the way.


You must take the Theodosian Walls Walk which I mentioned earlier. These walls build in 408 AD are still intact and make the border o the old city of Istanbul but some restoration was done in the 1990s. It is a 7 kilometer walk but is a must for every tourist in the country. All those who are in love with Cruiser also have a place to go to in Istanbul. There are Bosphorous cruisers which offer a three or two hour ride and take you around the city and show the historical buildings. The view from a cruise during the evenings is unforgettable. There are a lot of restaurants around the place and you will have a nice evening travelling this place.

Christ the Redeemer, Rio de Janeiro

Christ the Redeemer, Rio de Janeiro


The most famous attraction in Rio de Janeiro is the statue of Lord Jesus Christ known as “Christ the Redeemer”. This is the largest Art Deco in the whole world. The height of the statue is 98 feet (30 meters) apart from the 8 meter tall pedestal around it. The arms of the statue are 28 meters wide. The total statue weighs exactly 635 tones. The statue is visible from every part of the city because it stands on the Corcovado mountain of the Tijuca Forest National Park which itself is 2300 feet (700 meters) tall. The right arm of the statue of Christ points towards the south of the Rio de Janeiro city, while the left arm points towards the north of the Rio de Janeiro city. The statue is a sacred symbol of the Brazil and Rio de Janeiro. The statue was made using the soap stone and reinforced concrete and the construction started in the year 1922 and continued till 1931 when the statue was complete without any mistakes and stood on the mountain in perfect shape. Catholics are also allowed to hold weddings and baptism ceremony at the chapel made during the 75th anniversary of the construction of this statue.


The statue was created based on the idea of a Catholic priest named Pedro Maria Boss somewhere in the mid-1850s. The priest requested financial funding from the Princess Isabel who dismissed this idea of building enormously large religious monument in 1889. This year, Brazil became a republic and laws made it mandatory to separate Church from the state. Then later in 1920, another suggestion to make such a landmark on the mountain was proposed by the Rio’s Catholic Circle. They were damn serious about this proposal and organized an event for collection of donations and support in the form of signatures and the event was named Semana Do Monumento which in English means Monument Week. Many Brazilian Catholics made donations and many design proposals were made including the statue of ‘Christ with a Globe’, ‘the Christian Cross’, etc. Out of all, as a symbol of peace, they selected ‘the Christ the Redeemer’ which is a statue where Christ has open arms.


This statue was designed by the local engineer named Heitor da Silva Costa. The sculptor for this statue was Paul Landowski who was a Polish French. Many engineers and technicians studied the submissions of the sculptor before it was finalized. It took complete nine years to build this monument. The total cost of the whole construction process was $250,000(USD). The original concept was to put the floodlights but they could not out them because of the poor weather. The weather also created a problem in the year 2008. On 10th February, 2008, there was a very violent electric storm and the lightning struck the statue. The statue of Christ was damaged on the fingers, head as well as eyebrows. After this incident, the state government of Rio de Janeiro started the restoration process and replaced the other soap stone layers and also repaired the lightning rods which were previously installed on the statue. Recently, again the statue was struck by the storm lightning on 17th January, 2014. This time also the fingers were damaged but just on the right hand. The statue of Jesus needs periodic maintenance to save it from any rust and damage.

There was a restoration process taken in the year 1990. Then later in 2003 and 2010, there was more restoration work done on the statue. They added escalators to the status spot in 2003 along with elevators and walkways. The restoration work of 2010 was very much different than that of 2003. In 2003, they focused on the passage ways and platform around the statue, whereas the restoration work of 2010 was very much concerned with the statue itself. They changed the interior structure and the soapstone was renovated by removal of the fungi or other microorganisms. They repaired small and minute cracks in the structure. They repaired the rod of lightning which were added in the hands, arms and head of the statue. They also did the fixing of the lightning rods at the foot. The restoration process requires a lot of labor and money. It took more than a hundred people power and used 60,000 stones which were extracted from the same quarry which was used to make the original statue.


In the image you can see the view of ‘Christ the Redeemer’ with a background of Sugarloaf Mountain in the centre and Guanabara Bay. The statue is very famous and well known landmark of Brazil and the name is popular among many modern practices. The Statue of Christ the Redeemer has, therefore, appeared in many cultural works done in all over the world. It has appeared in many popular video games such as Driver 2, Tropico 3, Tropico 4, Civilization revolution, Civilization !V and V, Angry Birds Rio, Gangster Rio, etc. It has been shown in many videos, series and movies and popular TV shows. It has been seen in the MTV show- Viva La Bam, in Rio (animated movie), in the Twilight Saga: Breaking Dawn- Part 1, and many other movies and documentaries. The monument is very special to the Brazilians and is a symbol of their Christianity and a marker of peace. Every one must see the view from up there; it is a heavenly place in itself.

The Acropolis of Athens – The Greek Beauty

The Acropolis of Athens – The Greek Beauty


An ancient fortress situated on a rocky projection just above the city called Athens is the Acropolis of Athens. The meaning of the word Acropolis is “highest point”. Acropolis is known as the “Sacred Rock” of Athens having the remains of some huge architectural buildings which were of historic significance. One of the most famous architectural buildings of its times were the “Parthenon”, the temple of “Athena” and the “Erechtheion”. After the destruction of these buildings in the 1687 Morean War the buildings were seized by the Venetians. Later the acropolis claimed the monuments and on 26th of March 2007 the monument was titled as the European Cultural Heritage. There are many Acropolises in Greece where people took shelter during war times but when you will hear the name Acropolis the first thing that will come in your mind will be the Acropolis of Athens. Thus, the Acropolis of Athens was referred as only Acropolis most of the times.

In the eighth century BC, many temples were built on the rocks of the Acropolis which is 156 meter high and most of these were dedicated to their goddess named Athena (patroness of the city). The acropolis is a symbol of classical spirit and civilization of the Greeks. It is one of the greatest artistic structures describing Greek antiquity to the whole world. In the thirteenth century, a royal place was built there by the Mycenaeans. The place was bordered by the fortification wall. The biggest festival of the city, the Panathenaia, was celebrated in those temples of goddess Athena.


After the fall of the Roman Empire (sixth century AD) the Romans were forced to convert their temples into Christian churches. The biggest temple of the city named the Parthenon was committed to the Virgin Mary. In the eleventh century the temple was titled as the city’s cathedral. In 1687, the Parthenon was completely destroyed by the Venetians. Some of the destroyed parts are still visible and some are integrated on the northern wall. When the New Greek state was established in 1822 the preservation of the area became the priority of the state and the focus was shifted towards the care of the temples. Many renovation projects were started in 1975 and many projects are still running to make the place more beautiful. The Erechtheion, the temple of Athena Nike, the Propylaea and the Parthenon are the beautiful temples that still exists. These temples were spectacularly built by the best architects, artists and sculptors of their time. During the Roman Era none building was erected until the starting of the first century BC.


As said before there are many buildings on the Acropolis and Propylaea was among them. The Propylaea was build very gracefully in the fifth century BC and is actually a gateway to the Acropolis. Earlier there was a small entrance (named Propylon) to the Acropolis but after the reign of Peisistratos this small gate was replaced by Propylaea. The huge gateway was a temple like structure which was flanked by two wings. The Doric columns on the building were supported by pediments in the front. There were six columns in the inside and five entrance gates. But the biggest and central gate was 7.5 meters high and 4 meters long. The rectangular shaped north wing was used to exhibit the paintings. The whole area was known as the Pinakotheke. There was a small open gallery in the south wing as the south wing was smaller than the north wing. A long and wide ramp which was of 20 meters joins the Propylaea to the foot of the Acropolis. But the later was replaced by a colossal staircase by the Romans in the 1st century AD. Beule-gate was the new gate built by the French archeologists in the facade of the Propylaea in 267 AD.

The Temple of Athena Nike is devoted to the goddess of Victory. The temple is quite small and was built in 421 BC by Kallikrates (who previously made the Parthenon). The temple includes four 4.66 meters tall columns on the north as well as on the east side. The temple was decorated with some wall paintings depicting the important scenes of the Battle of Plataea. The Greeks defeated the Persians in the Battle of Plataea. The Ottomans destroyed the temple in 1687. Later between 1834 and 1838 the temple was reconstructed with the original materials.

One of the most sacred places of the Acropolis was the Erechtheion. The gods of Athena and Poseidon battled on the grounds of the Erechtheion to conquer the city. A very interesting process was followed. Each god will have its turn to present a gift for the city and the people of the city have to choose the better gift. The temple was named after the great king of Athens. The citizens of both Athena and Poseidon have equal right to visit the temple. It took 15 years to complete the construction of the temple from 421 BC. There are many other places to visit in Athens. These involve the sanctuaries of the Acropolis, the Chalkotheke or Bronze Gallery where the priest offers bronze to Athena, the stoa of Artemis Brauronia and the statues in the Acropolis museum which are created by Pheidias. The whole place of Athens was very historic and was a delight to the eyes of the tourists.

Roman Colosseum: The ‘Flavius’ amphitheatre

Roman Colosseum: The ‘Flavius’ amphitheatre


The Colosseum is situated in the city Rome of Italy. It is exactly in the centre of Rome, east of Roman Forum and is a famous amphitheatre. The whole structure is built of concrete stones. This amphitheatre is regarded among the best job of engineering and Roman architecture. Its immense beauty is the reason of its being one of the seven wonder of the world. The Colosseum is also the biggest amphitheatre in the world. The construction of the Colosseum was done in 70 AD under the guidance of the emperor Vespasian. In 80 AD the whole construction was completed under the same successor and even his heir named “Titus”. During the supremacy of Emperor Domitian from 81 AD to 96AD some further changes were made in the Colosseum. The period of succession of three successors of Rome is called as the “Flavian Dynasty”. And this is the reason why the Colosseum is also known by the name the “Flavian Amphitheatre”.

The term Flavian comes from the Latin word “Flavius” which was the family name of the emperor. The Colosseum is capable of accommodating between 50,000 to 80,000 spectators. Today, the place is used for public spectacles including executions, dramas of mythology, animal hunts, enactments of some famous battles and mock sea battles. In the early medieval era, the structure was ceased for entertainment purposes only but later it was decided that the building can be used for other purposes also such as workshops and housings.  Because of stone robbers and earthquake the Colosseum was partially damaged in the 21st century. But the damages were repaired soon.


The whole structure of the Colosseum is standing without any support. The interior and exterior architecture of the place was inspired from Roman theatres. The structure is elliptical, 156 meters wide, 189 meters long and the area of the structure is 6 acres which is about 24,000 m2. The outer wall of the complex is 48 meters long with a perimeter of 545 meters. Thus, the outer wall has 100,000 cubic meters of stones with 300 tons of iron clamps. The interior seating of the Colosseum was like a tired arrangement. For the accommodation of the Emperor and the Vestal Virgins (in the early century) singular boxes were arranged in the area at the south and north ends. At the same platform people of Senatorial class were allowed to bring their won chairs for the shows.  The senators used to carve their names on the areas they used to reserve for themselves. Some names of the senators can be still seen carved into the stonework of the structure.

At each “Good Friday” the Pope Benedict XVI of Rome lights a torch and roam in the area around the Colosseum. They call the lit a “Way of the Cross” procession. Thus, there is a close relation between the Colosseum and the Roman Catholic Church. In 1980, the Colosseum was titled by the UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. Other historic places of Italy which are also listed as a World Heritage Site in 1980 were the Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls and the Properties of the Holy See. After that in 2007 a competition was prearranged by the New Open World Corporation (NOWC) in which the Colosseum was made one of the New 7 Wonders of the World.


Today, a million of visitors visit the Colosseum every year as the complex is the most famed tourist attraction. An amount of around 40 billion Italian lire was spent on the restoration of the Colosseum between 1993 and 2000 because of the damage caused by pollution and basic deterioration caused. In 2000 some people even planned a anti death penalty demonstrations in front of the Colosseum to gain public attention. Many changes were made in the structure of the Colosseum in order to make the place more attractive and impressive. One among these changes is the change in the color of the night time illumination of the Colosseum. They changed the color from white to gold which made the structure more spectacular. This changed happened when the capital castigation was abolished in Mexico in the month of April, 2009. Many organizers used the Colosseum as a background for their large concerts in recent years. The names of some of the performers are Billy Joel (in July 2006), Elton John (in September 2005), Paul McCartney (in May 2003) and Ray Charles (in May 2002).


A museum of Eros was now there in the upper floor of the outer wall of the Colosseum. In order to offer the people a full view of the show from all sides of the museum the tires of seats were at an elevated level. Entry fee is decided according to the social status of the Roman civilians but mainly there are no charges to enter the structure. Top seats were reserved for the common people with different sections of women and men. Seats nearer to the arena were for the people of higher social status. The seats near to the arena were categorized as emperor, senators, priests and vestals in the front row and others on the second and third rows. This arrangement of bringing the common people and the people of higher authorizes under the same roof represents a important link between the civilians and their leaders. This is perfect way to distract the people from their problems and giving them a environment of joy and fun.

Times Square – An Awesome Place for a New Year’s eve

Times Square – An Awesome Place for a New Year’s eve

Times Square could be a major industrial intersection and a part in Midtown Manhattan, big apple town, at the junction of street (now reborn into a pedestrian plaza) and Seventh Avenue and stretching from West forty second to West forty seventh Streets. city district – iconified as “The Crossroads of the World”, “The Center of the Universe”, and also the “The nice White Way” is that the brilliantly lighted hub of the street Theater District, one among the world’s busiest pedestrian intersections, and a significant center of the world’s show biz. consistent with Travel + Leisure magazine’s October 2011 survey, city district is that the world’s most visited traveler attraction, hosting over thirty-nine million guests annually. more or less 330,000 folks suffer city district daily, several of whom square measure either tourists or folks operating within the space.







Formerly square, city district was renamed in Apr 1904 once The big apple Times affected its headquarters to the freshly erected Times Building – currently referred to as One city district – web site of the annual ball drop on national holiday Eve, a convention that began on day, 1907.

The northern triangle of  is technically Duffy Square, dedicated in 1937 to clergyman Francis P. Duffy of latest House of York City’s “Fighting 69th” army unit Regiment; a memorial to Duffy is found there, along side a sculpture of patron saint M. Cohan.

Times Square is that the web site of the annual national holiday Eve ball drop. On day, 1907, a ball signifying national holiday Day was 1st born sometimes sq., and also the sq. has command the most national holiday celebration in big apple town ever since. on it night, many thousands of individuals congregate to observe the urban center orb being lowered  on a pole atop the building, marking the beginning of the year. It replaced a lavish fireworks show from the highest of the building that was command from 1904 to 1906, however stopped by town officers as a result of the danger of fireside. starting in 1908, and for quite eighty years thenceforth, city district sign maker Artkraft Strauss was accountable for the ball-lowering. Throughout war II, a second of silence, followed by a recording of church bells roll, replaced the ball drop as a result of period blackout restrictions. Today, enumeration amusement and One handle the national holiday Eve event in conjunction with the days Square Alliance.









A new energy-efficient crystal rectifier ball, celebrating the centennial of the ball drop, debuted for the arrival of 2008. The 2008/2009-ball, that was born on national holiday Eve (Wednesday, day, 2008) for the arrival of 2009, is larger and has become a permanent installation as a year-round  attraction, being employed for celebrations like Valentine Day and Halloween.

On average, regarding a million revelers crowd city district for the national holiday Eve celebrations. However, for the millennium celebration on day, 1999, printed reports explicit  more or less 2 million folks overflowed city district, flowing from sixth Avenue to eighth Avenue and every one the means back on street and Seventh Avenues to 59th Street, creating it the biggest gathering in city district since August 1945 throughout celebrations marking the top of war II.

In the Nineteen Eighties, an advertisement building boom began within the western components of the Midtown as a part of a long-run development set up developed beneath Mayors dysfunction bacteriologist and David Dinkins. within the mid-1990s, Rudolph Giuliani crystal rectifier an endeavor to wash up the world, increasing security, closing sexy theaters, pressuring undesireables to relocate, and gap additional tourist-friendly attractions and upmarket institutions. Advocates of the reworking claim that the neighborhood is safer and cleaner. Detractors have countered that the changes have homogenized or “Disneyfied” the character of city district and have below the belt targeted lower-income New Yorkers from close neighborhoods like Hell’s Half Acre.

The theaters of street and also the large variety of animated argonon and crystal rectifier signs have long created them one among New York’s painting pictures, and a logo of the intensely urban aspects of Manhattan. city district is that the solely neighborhood with sectionalization ordinances requiring building homeowners to show lighted signs.The neighborhood truly includes a minimum limit for lighting rather than the quality most limit.The density of lighted signs in city district currently rivals that of Las Vegas. Officially, signs in city district square measure referred to as “spectaculars”, and also the largest of them square measure referred to as “jumbotrons.”








Celebrities like songwriter, players, and comedians were closely related to Times Square within the 1910s and Twenties.  Throughout this era, the world was nicknamed The Tenderloin as a result of it absolutely was purportedly the foremost fascinating location in Manhattan. However, it absolutely was throughout this era that the world was enclosed by crime and corruption, within the style of gambling and prostitution; one case that garnered Brobdingnagian attention was the arrest and sequent execution of policeman Charles Becker.

The general atmosphere modified with the onset of the nice Depression within the Nineteen Thirties. Times Square nonheritable a name as a dangerous neighborhood within the following decades. From the Nineteen Sixties to the first Nineteen Nineties, the shabbiness of the world, particularly due its go-go bars, sex shops, and adult theaters, became associate degree disreputable image of the city’s decline!